Martha Nussbaum

Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor

The University of Chicago



Member since:


Membership Type:



1964-1966 Wellesley College

1966-1967 New York University, School of the Arts

1967-1969 New York University, Washington Square College. B.A. 1969.

1969-1975 Harvard University, M.A. 1971, Ph.D. 1975 (Classical Philology)

1972-1975 Harvard University, Society of Fellows, Junior Fellow

1973-1974 St. Hugh’s College, Oxford University: Honorary Member of Senior Common Room


1999– University of Chicago, Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and


Appointed in Law School and Philosophy Department, 2012 —

Appointed in: Law School, Philosophy Department, and Divinity School, -2012

Associate Member, Classics Department (1995 — )

Associate Member, Department of Political Science (2003 — )

Associate Member, Divinity School, (2012 –)

Member, Committee on Southern Asian Studies (Affiliate 1999 –2005, full Member 2006–)

Board Member,, Center for Gender Studies 1999-2002

Board Member, Human Rights Program, 2002–; Co-Chair, 2007-8;

Founder and Coordinator, Center for Comparative Constitutionalism, 2002 –

2007 (spring) Visiting Professor of Law and Classics, Harvard University

2004 (spring) Visiting Professor, Centre for Political Science, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New

Delhi, India

1996-1998 University of Chicago, Ernst Freund Professor of Law and Ethics (Appointed in Law School, Philosophy Department, and Divinity School, Associate in Classics)

1996 (spring) Oxford University, Weidenfeld Visiting Professor

1995-1996 University of Chicago, Professor of Law and Ethics (Appointed in Law School, Divinity School, and the College, Associate in Philosophy and Classics)

1989 (on leave from fall 1995) Brown University, University Professor and Professor of Philosophy, Classics, and Comparative Literature

1994 University of Chicago, Visiting Professor of Law

1994 and 1998 (August; September) Visiting Professor, Ethics Program, Oslo, Norway

1993 University of California at Riverside, Distinguished Research Fellow of the Center for Ideas and Society

1992 Stanford University, Visiting Scholar, Political Science Department

1992 University of Chicago, Visiting Scholar, Department of Philosophy

1987-1993 Research Advisor, World Institute for Development Economics Research, Helsinki (a division of the United Nations University)

1987-1989 Brown University, David Benedict Professor and Professor of Philosophy, Classics, and Comparative Literature

1986-1987 Visiting Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford University

1985-1987 Brown University, Professor of Philosophy, Classics, and Comparative Literature

1984-1985 Brown University, Associate Professor (tenured) of Philosophy and Classics

1984 École Normal Supérieure de Jeunes Filles, Paris, Visiting Professor

1983-1984 Wellesley College, Visiting Professor of Philosophy and Classics

1980-1983 Harvard University, Associate Professor of Philosophy and the Classics

1975-1980 Harvard University, Assistant Professor of Philosophy and the Classics

1978 Princeton University, Samuel Perkins Junior Humanities Fellow, Department of Philosophy

1971-1972 Harvard University, Teaching Fellow, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences


Kalamazoo College, Kalamazoo, Michigan: 1988, L.H.D.

Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa: 1993, L.H.D.

St. Andrews University, Scotland, June 1996, D. Litt.

Williams College, Williamstown, Mass, June 1996, L.H.D.

Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, February 1997: Doctor Honoris Causa

Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington, spring 1997: Doctor of Humanities

University of Toronto, June 1998: Doctor of Laws

University for Humanist Studies, Utrecht, The Netherlands, January 1999

Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, May 1999, L.H.D.

Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana: May 2000, L. H. D.

State University of New York at Brockport: May 2000, L. H. D.

Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada: June 2000, Doctor of Laws

The New School University, New York: L. H. D., February 2001

University of Turin, Italy: May 2002

University of Haifa, Israel: May 2002

Willamette University, Salem, Oregon: May, 2002: L. H. D.

Ripon College, Ripon, Wisconsin: May, 2002: L. H. D.

Wesleyan University, Wesleyan, Connecticut, May 2002: L. H. D.

Ohio State University, L. H. D., March 2003

Georgetown University, L. H. D., May 2003

Knox College, Galesberg, Illinois: L. H. D., June 2003

Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA: Doctor of Laws, May 2003

Marymount Manhattan College, L. H. D., May 2004

University of Athens, Greece, December 2005

The University of North Carolina at Asheville, L. H. D. May 2005

Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands: Doctorate in Development Studies, March 2006

University of British Columbia, Canada: May 2006: Doctor of Laws

University of Edinburgh, Scotland, Doctor of Laws, June 2007

McGill University, Canada, Doctor of Letters, May 2007

University of Miami, Coral Gables, Doctor of Laws, May 2007

Hebrew Union College,, Cincinnati, L. H. D.. June 2007

Fairleigh Dickinson University, New Jersey, L. H. D., May 2007

Connecticut College, L. H. D., May 2009

College of William and Mary, February 2010, L. H. D.

Colgate University, Doctor of Letters, May 16, 2010

Bucknell University, Doctor of Literary Letters, May 23 2010

Ecole normale supêrieure, Paris, Docteur Honoris Causa. October 18, 2010

Mount Holyoke College, Doctor of Humane Letters, May 22, 2011

Kenyon College, Doctor of Humane Letters, May 21, 2011

Emory University, Doctor of Letters, May 9, 2011

University of Bielefeld, Germany, Doctor of Philosophy, June 27, 2011

Queen’s University, Belfast, Doctor of Laws, July 3, 2012.

Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Doctor of Laws, October 2012

University of the Free State, South Africa, Doctor of Letters, December 2012

American University of Paris, Doctor of Humane Letters, May 27, 2013

University of Newcastle, UK, Doctor of Civil Laws, July 12, 2013

University of York, UK, Doctor of the University, July 11, 2013

Lawrence University, Wisconsin, Doctor of Humane Letters, June 9, 2013

Columbia College, Chicago, Doctor of Humane Letters, May 18, 2013

Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico City, November 19, 2013

Pontifical Catholic University, Lima, Peru, December 5, 2014

Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia, accepted for December 2015

University of Jyväskylä, Finland, accepted for July 2016

University of Hawaii at Manoa, accepted for May 2017


Inamori Ethics Prize for Outstanding Ethical Leadership, 2015

Nonino Prize for a “Master of Our Time,” 2015

Prince of Asturias Award for Social Science, 2012

Corresponding Fellow, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Germany, 2012

Order of the White Rose of Finland, First Class Knight, honor presented May 2012

Centennial Medal of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, May 2010

Henry M. Phillips Prize in Jurisprudence, The American Philosophical Society, 2009

A,.SK. Award for work on the foundations of social reform, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung, 2009

Corresponding Fellow, British Academy, elected July 2008

President, Human Development and Capability Association, 2006-8; title of “Founding President” conferred for life, April 2008

Elaine and David Spitz Prize for best English language book in liberal and/or democratic theory, 2008, for Frontiers of Justice: American Political Science Association

Graduate Society Award, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, 2007

Hiding From Humanity awarded the Association of American Publishers Professional and Scholarly Book Award for 2004 in the area of Law

Fellowship for Research, The Spencer Foundation, 2005-6

Selected in 2004 as the subject of a future volume in the Library of Living Philosophers series (Open Court Publishing Company)

James and Helen Merritt Award for Distinguished Service in the Philosophy of Education, Northern Illinois University, 2004

Medal of the Italian Senate and Medal of Pio Manzù Center, October 2003

Medal of the University of Pavia, September 2003

Barnard Medal of Distinction, Barnard College, May 2003

Outstanding and Inspiring Leadership Award, Indian Consulate, Chicago, August 15, 2003

Grawemeyer Award in Education (for Cultivating Humanity), 2002

Faculty Award for Excellence in Graduate Teaching, University of Chicago, 2001

ACLS Fellowship for Research, 2001-2

President, Central Division, American Philosophical Association, 1999-2000 (Vice-President 1998-9, Past President and Chair of Nominating Committee, 2000-2001)

Academician, The Academy of Finland: elected March 2000

NYU Distinguished Alumni Award, September 2000

Sex and Social Justice winner of North American Society for Social Philosophy Book Award, July 2000

Honorary Fellow, St. Anne’s College, Oxford: appointed 1998, for life

Honorary Fellow, Clare Hall, Cambridge: appointed 2003, for life

Cultivating Humanity winner of Grawemeyer Prize in Education (see above); of the Frederic W. Ness Book Award of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, 1998 (award ceremony January 1999); finalist for Rea Book Award of The Boston Review of Books, 1997,(in non-fiction category); of the annual book award of the Council of Independent Colleges, 2002.

Winner, Philosophical Dialogues Competition, European Humanities Research Center, Oxford, 1997 (performance in Stockholm October 1998)

Elected Fellow of American Philosophical Society, 1996

Sunderland Fellowship, University of Michigan Law School, for 1995-6 (postponed to fall 1998, then declined)

Literary Lion Award, New York Public Library, November 1993

Spielvogel-Diamondstein Prize for best collection of essays (for Love’s Knowledge), PEN, 1991

Ireland Visiting Scholar Prize, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1992

Brandeis Creative Arts Award for Non-Fiction, Brandeis University, 1990

Baldwin School Alumnae Award, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, 1990

Elected a Fellow of American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1988

Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Lectureship, 1988-9

Visiting Fellowship, All Souls College, Oxford, 1986-7

NEH Fellowship for Independent Research, 1986-7

NEH Summer Seminar Award, 1985

Guggenheim Fellowship, 1981

Bunting Institute, Carnegie Faculty Fellowship, 1981 (declined)

Bunting Institute, National Grant Fellow, 1981

NEH Summer Grant, 1979

Samuel Perkins Junior Humanities Fellowship, Princeton University Council for the Humanities, 1978

New York University Alumnae Award, 1977

Harvard University Society of Fellows, Junior Fellowship, 1972-5

Danforth Graduate Fellowship, 1969-73

Woodrow Wilson Graduate Fellowship, 1969-70 (declined)

New York University Classics Department, Prize for best graduating senior, 1969

Borden Freshman Prize, Wellesley College, 1964


Books Written

Aristotle’s De Motu Animalium, Princeton University Press, 1978 (paper edition 1985).

The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, 1986. Translated into Spanish and Italian; German in progress. Updated Edition with new Introduction, 2001. Czech translation as Krehkost Dobra (Prague: Oikoumene, 2003). Dutch translation as De Breekbaarheid van het Goeden (Amsterdam: Ambo/Anthos, dated 2006, released spring 2007). Chinese Translation spring 2008 (Yilin Press). Portuguese translation spring 2009 (Sao Paolo: Livraria Martins Fontes Editora Ltda.). Serbian translation, 2009.

Love’s Knowledge: Essays on Philosophy and Literature, Oxford University Press, N.Y. and Clarendon Press, England, 1990 (paper 1992). Spanish translation as El Conocimiento del amor (Madrid: A. Machado, 2006). German edition forthcoming; abridged edition in Swedish, forthcoming in Dutch. Introductory section, “Form and Content, Philosophy and Literature,” reprinted in Carolyn Korsmeyer, ed., Aesthetics: The Big Questions (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1998) 201-7. A smaller portion of this section as “The ‘Ancient Quarrel,'” in Ethics, Literature, Theory: An Introductory Reader, ed. Stephen K. George (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2005), 139-51. French translation, Paris: Cerf, 2010. Greek translation (Athens: Pataki, 2015).

The Therapy of Desire: Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics, Princeton University Press, 1994 (paper 1996). Italian translation as Terapia del desiderio: Teoria e pratica nell’etica ellenistica (Milan: Vita e Pensiero, 1998); Spanish translation as La Terapia del deseo: Teoria y práctica en la ética helenística (Barcelona/Buenos Aires/México: Paidos, 2003). Chapter 13 reprinted as “The Therapy of Desire in Hellenistic Ethics,” in Antike Philosophie Verstehen – Understanding Ancient Philosophy, ed. Marcel van Ackeren and Jörn Müller (Darmstadt: WBG, 2006), 218-42. Chinese translation 2016.

Updated edition (with new Introduction), 2009.

Poetic Justice: The Literary Imagination and Public Life (The Alexander Rosenthal Lectures, 1991), Beacon Press, 1995, paper edition 1997. Italian translation published as Il Giustizio del Poeta, Feltrinelli, 1996, Spanish translation as Justicia Poética, Andrés Bello, 1997. Hebrew Translation published by

Haifa University Press, 2003. Chinese translation, Peking University Press, 2011. Chapter 3 published as “Rational Emotions” in Paul J. Heald, ed., Literature and Legal Problem Solving (Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 1998), 99-124. Chinese translation published by Peking University Press, 2010. Chapter 3 translated into Portuguese in Direito e Literatura, ed. A. K. Trinidade, R. M. Gubert, and A. C. Neto (Porto Alegre: Nuria Fabris, 2010), 345-78.

For Love of Country: A Debate on Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism (lead essay mine, with responses): Beacon Press, 1996; Italian translation, Feltrinelli, 1997. Updated Edition, 2002. Greek translation 2004.

Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education, Harvard University Press, 1997. Extract published in The Norton Reader: An Anthology of Non-Fiction Prose, shorter tenth edition (New York: W. W. Norton, 2000), 633-47, and in Tenth edition pp. 1119-31. Italian translation published as Coltivare L’Umanità (Rome: Carocci, 1999).

Spanish translation as El cultivo de la humanidad (Barcelona: Paidos, 2005). Chapter 8 published in Portuguese as “Sócrates na universidade religiosa,,” in Entre A Dúvida e o Dogma, ed. Debora Dinia, Samantha Buglione, and Roger Raupp Rios (Brasilia: LetrasLivres, 2006), 9-20. Polish translation as W trosce o czlowieczenstwo (Wroclaw: Dolnoslaska Szkola Kyzsza, 2008). Chinese translation, Chengchi University Press, 2009. A different Chinese translation, Shanghai Joint Publishing, 2013. Korean translation in progress.

Sex and Social Justice, Oxford University Press, 1999. Winner, book award of the North American Society for Social Philosophy, 2000. Greek translation published by Scripta, Athens, 2005. Extract in The Human Rights Reader, ed. Micheline Ishay (New York:: Taylor and Francis, 2007), 422-30.

Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach, Cambridge University Press, N.Y., 2000. Indian edition published 2000 by Women Unlimited, New Delhi, India. Italian translation, Il Mulino, 2001, under title Diventare persone: Donne e universalità dei diritti. Also translated into Japanese and Spanish. French Translation, Edition des Femmes, 2008.

Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions, The Gifford Lectures for 1993, Cambridge University Press, 2001. Italian translation as L’intelligenze delle emozioni (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2004). Dutch translation as Oplevingen van het Denken, (Amsterdam: Ambo, 2004).

Hiding From Humanity: Disgust, Shame, and the Law,. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. Italian translation as Nascondere l’umanità: Il dusgusto, la vergogna, la legge (Rome: Carocci, 2005). Japanese translation, 2011. Korean translation, 2015.

Frontiers of Justice: Disability, Nationality, Species Membership. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006. Spanish translation as Las fronteras de la justicia (Barcelona: Paidos, 2006); Dutch translaton as Grensgebieden van het Rccht (Amsterdam: Ambo, 2006). Indian edition, Oxford University Press, Delhi, spring 2007; Italian edition (with new Preface) as Le nuove frontiere della giustizia (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2007). German translation, Suhrkamp, 2010. Japanese translation, Hosei Press, 2012. Portuguese translation (Sao Paulo, Martins Fontes, 2013). Chinese translation in progress. Winner, Elaine and David Spitz Prize for best book in liberal/democratic theory, American Political Science Association, 2008.

The Clash Within: Democracy, Religious Violence, and India’s Future. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007. Italian translation, Il Mulino, 2009. Spanish translation, Paidos, 2013.

Liberty of Conscience: In Defense of America’s Tradition of Religious Equality. New York: Basic Books, 2008. Spanish translation, Paidos, 2009. Japanese translation, Keio University Press, 2012.

The Ethics and Politics of Compassion and Capabilities (with Joseph Chan, Joe Lau, and Ci Jiwei), The Hochelaga Lectures 2005, Faculty of Law, The University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong: Faculty of Law, 2007).

From Disgust to Humanity: Sexual Orientation and Constitutional Law. New York:: Oxford University Press, 2010. Italian translation as Disgustò e umanità: l’orientimento sessuale di fronte alla legge (Milan: Il Saggiatore, 2011). Korean edition scheduled for 2015.

Not For Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010. Spanish translation, Arcadia, 2011. Italian translation, Il Mulino, 2011. Dutch translation, Ambo Anthos, 2011. French translation Flammarion 2011. Finnish translation 2012 (Gaudeamus). German translation, 2012 (Tibia). Chinese translation 2012. Korean translation, 2011 (Tungree Press, actually released in 2013), with new Preface by me; Sinhalese translation 2013. Greek translation, 2013. Croatian translation, Zagreb, 2012 (released 2013); Japanese translation, Tokyo, Iwanami Shoten Publishers, 2013. Russian translation, Moscow 2014. Vietnamese translation, 2015. Portuguese translation, 2015 (Brazil). Translations into Catalan, Polish, Serbian, Hebrew in progress. Paper edition with new Afterword, 2012.

Seneca, Anger, Mercy, Revenge. Translated by Robert A. Kaster and Martha C. Nussbaum (with notes and an interpretive essay.) In The Complete Works of Lucius Annaeus Seneca, edited by Elizabeth Asmis, Shadi Bartsch, and Martha C. Nussbaum. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach, Harvard University Press, 2011. Spanish translation, Paidos, 2012; Italian translation, Il Mulino, 2012. Dutch translation, AmboAnthos, 2012. French translation, Nouveaux Horizons, 2012. Chinese translation in progress. Swedish translation, Karneval Förlag, 2013.

Philosophical Interventions: Book Reviews 1986-2011, Oxford University Press, 2012. Indian Edition 2014.

The New Religious Intolerance: Overcoming the Politics of Fear in an Anxious Age, Harvard University Press, 2012. Dutch and Italian translations, 2013. French translation, Climats, 2013. Audiobook edition under contract to Audible.

Political Emotions: Why Love Matters For Justice, Harvard University Press, 2013. Spanish, Italian, and Dutch translations 2014. German, Korean, Chinese editions in progress. Paper edition 2015.

Anger and Forgiveness (The John Locke Lectures in Philosophy, Oxford Unniversity), forthcoming Oxford University Press, New York, spring 2016.

Books in Other Languages other than translations of books above (collections, essays in book form):

A collection of articles published in Swedish translation, 1995, under title Känslans skärpa tankens inlevelse, Brutus Ostling, Symposion books

A collection of articles published in Dutch, 1997, under the title Wat liefde weet: Emoties en moreel oordelen, introduction by Marianne Boenink, Parresia books, Amsterdam.

A collection of articles in German translation, under title Gerechtigkeit oder das gute Leben ed. Herlinde Pauer-Studer, Suhrkamp, 1999.

Vom Nutzen der Moraltheorie für das Leben (trans. J. Schulte), a German version of a revised version of article #160, along with an interview of MN by Klaus Taschwer, published as a book by Passagen-Verlag, Vienna, summer 2000.

Aristotle (article number 10), translated into Persian, published in book form in Tehran, sometime around 2000 (I can’t read the date or the name of the publisher).

Giustizia Sociala e Dignità Umana: Da Individui a persone (a translation of three previously published articles). Bologna: Il Mulino, 2002.

Konstruktion der Liebe, des Begehrens und der Fürsorge: Drei philosophische Aufsätze (translation of three previously published articles): Stuttgart: Reclam, 2002).

Capacità Personale e Democrazia Sociale (a translation of three previously published articles), ed. G. Zanetti. Reggio Emila: Diabasis, 2003.

A República de Platâo: a boa sociedade e a deformaçâo do desejo, Portuguese translation of article #118, as book (Porto Allegre: Paulina Terra Nólibros, 2004).

Capacidades como titulaciones fundamentales (Spanish version of article #226). Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia, Estudios de Filosofía e Derecho No. 9, 2005.

Een Waardig Bestaan: Over dierenrechten, Dutch version of the animal rights section of Frontiers of Justice, published as a separate book (Amsterdam: Ambo/Anthos, 2007).

Libertà di Coscienza e Religione, an extract from Liberty of Conscience (Milan: Il Mulino, 2009). A similar extract published in Spanish as Libertad de conciencia: et ataque a la igualded de respeto (Madrid: Katz Editores, 2011).

Books Under Contract

Anger and Forgiveness, The John Locke Lectures in Philosophy, under contract to Oxford University Press.

Constitutions and Capabilities, under contract to Harvard University Press.

Loving the Nation: Toward a New Patriotism (with Jeffrey Israel), under contract to Yale University Press.

Books Edited

Language and Logos: Studies in Greek Philosophy in Honour of G. E. L. Owen (with Malcolm Schofield), Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Logic, Science, and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Ancient Philosophy, by G. E. L. Owen, Duckworth and Cornell University Press, 1986.

Essays on Aristotle’s De Anima (with Amélie O. Rorty), Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.

The Quality of Life (with Amartya Sen), Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993. Spanish translation, La Calidad de Vida, Fondo de Cultura Economica, Mexico City, 1996. Italian translation in progress.

Passions & Perceptions: Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind (with Jacques Brunschwig), Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Women, Culture, and Development (with Jonathan Glover), Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

Sex, Preference, and Family: Essays on Law and Nature (with David Estlund), New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in American Religious Discourse (with Saul Olyan), Oxford University Press, 1998.

Clones and Clones: Facts and Fantasies About Human Cloning (with Cass R. Sunstein), New York: Norton, 1998. Spanish translation published as Clones y Clones: Hechos y Fantasias sobre La Clonacion Humana (Madrid: Catedra, 2000). Japanese translation published 2000.

Is Multiculturalism Good for Women? (with Joshua Cohen and Matthew Howard), Princeton University Press,1999.

The Sleep of Reason: Erotic Experience and Sexual Ethics in Ancient Greece and Rome (with Juha Sihvola). Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Animal Rights: Current Debates, New Directions, co-edited with Cass Sunstein. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Japanese edition 2014.

On Nineteen Eighty-Four: Orwell and Our Future (with Abbott Gleason and Jack Goldsmith). Princeton:

Princeton University Press, 2005. Chinese translation, 2013.

The Offensive Internet:: Speech, Privacy, and Reputation (with Saul Levmore). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010. Korean Translation 2012 (Acorn).

Equalizing Access: Affirmative Action in Higher Education in India, United States, and South Africa (with Zoya Hasan). Oxford University Press, Delhi, 2012.

Subversion and Sympathy: Gender, Law, and the British Novel (with Alison L. LaCroix) (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013).

Shakespeare and the Law: A Conversation Among Disciplines and Professions (with Bradin Cormack and Richard Strier), University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Capabilities, Gender, Equality: Towards Fundamental Entitlements (with Flavio Comim), Cambridge University Press, 2014.

American Guy: Masculinity in American Law and Literature (with Saul Levmore). New York:

Oxford University Press, 2014.

Pluralism and Democracy in India: Debating the Hindu Right (with Wendy Doniger), New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Rawls’s Political Liberalism (with Thom Brooks). New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.

Journal Numbers Edited

The Poetics of Therapy, Apeiron fall issue 1990.

Form, Love, and Virtue: Essays on Greek Philosophy in Memory of Gregory Vlastos (with Terence Irwin), Apeiron 1993-4.

Society and Sexuality in Ancient Greece and Rome (with David Konstan), Differences 2 no. l, spring 1990.

Special issue of Philosophical Topics: Global Inequalities, co-edited with Chad Flanders, vol. 30 no. 2 (2002, appeared in 2003).


  1. “Psuchê in Heraclitus, I” Phronesis 17 (1972) 1-17.
  2. “Psuchê in Heraclitus, II,” Phronesis 17 (1972) 153-70.
  3. “Consequences and Character in Sophocles’ Philoctetes,” Philosophy and Literature 1(1976-7) 25-53.
  4. “The Text of Aristotle’s De Motu Animalium,” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 80 (1976) 111-59.
  5. “Eleatic Conventionalism and Philolaus on the Conditions of Thought,” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 83 (1979) 63-108.
  6. “Aristophanes and Socrates on Learning Practical Wisdom,” Yale Classical Studies 26 (1980) 43-87.
  7. “The Speech of Alcibiades: A Reading of Plato’s Symposium,” Philosophy and Literature 3 (1978-9) 131-72.
  8. “Shame, Separateness, and Political Unity: Aristotle’s Criticism of Plato,” in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, ed. Amélie O. Rorty (Berkeley 1980) 395-435.
  9. “‘This Story Isn’t True’: Poetry, Goodness, and Understanding in Plato’s Phaedrus,” in Plato on Beauty, Wisdom, and the Arts, ed. J. Moravcsik and P. Temko, American Philosophical Quarterly Monograph Series (Totowa 1982) 79-124.
  10. “Aristotle,” in Ancient Writers, ed. T. J. Luce (New York: Scribner’s, 1984) 377-416.
  11. “Saving Aristotle’s Appearances,” in Language and Logos , ed. Schofield and Nussbaum, 267-93.
  12. “The ‘Common Explanation’ of Animal Motion,” in Zweifelhaftes im Corpus Aristotelicum , ed. P. Moraux and J. Wiesner (Berlin 1983) 111-56.
  13. “Fictions of the Soul,” Philosophy and Literature 7 (1983) 145-61. (Later in Love’s Knowledge.) Italian translation in Allegoria60 (Palermo 2010). 73-92.
  14. “Flawed Crystals: James’s The Golden Bowl and Literature as Moral Philosophy,” New Literary History 15 (1983) 25-50. French translation in Ethiqu,e literature, vie humaine, ed. Sandra Laugier (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France), 19-52.
  15. “Reply to Richard Wollheim, Patrick Gardiner, and Hilary Putnam,” New Literary History 15 (1983) 201-8.
  16. “Greek Tragedy and Practical Conflict,” Ethics 95 (1985) 233-67; also in memorial volume for Victor Goldschmidt, ed. J. Brunschwig and C. Imbert, Paris 1984.
  17. “Plato on Commensurability and Desire,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 58 (1984) 55-80.
  18. “Aristotelian Dualism: A Reply to Howard Robinson,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 2 (1984) 197-207.
  19. “Sophistry About Conventions,” New Literary History 17 (1985) 129-39.
  20. “Historical Conceptions of the Humanities and Their Relationship to Society,” in Applying The Humanities, ed. D. Callahan, A. Caplan, and B. Jennings (New York 1985) 3-28.
  21. “Therapeutic Arguments: Epicurus and Aristotle,” in The Norms of Nature, ed. M. Schofield and G. Striker (Cambridge 1986) 31-74. Spanish translation 1993.
  22. “Continuing the Search: Questions of Writing and Style in Classical Philosophy,” Federation Reports, National Federation of State Humanities Councils, March-April 1985.
  23. “The Discernment of Perception: An Aristotelian Model of Public and Private Rationality,” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium for Ancient Philosophy1 (1985) 151-201.
  24. “Comment on Lowell Edmunds,” in same volume, 231-40.
  25. “‘Finely Aware and Richly Responsible’: Moral Attention and the Moral Task of Literature,” Journal of Philosophy 82 (1985) 516-29.
  26. “Love and the Individual: Romantic Rightness and Platonic Aspiration,” in Reconstructing Individualism, ed. T. Heller et al. (Stanford 1986) 253-77. Reprinted in Love Analyzed, ed. Roger E. Lamb (Boulder: Westview, 1997), 1-22.
  27. “Narrative Emotions: Beckett’s Genealogy of Love,” Ethics 98 (1988) 225-54. Reprinted in Why Narrative?, ed. S. Hauerwas and L. G. Jones, (Grand Rapids 1989). French translation in Littérature 71 (1988) 40-58 . German translation in Falsche Gegensätze: Zeitgenössische Positionen zur philosophischen Ästhetik, ed. Andrea Kern and ruth Sonderegger (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 2002), 286-329.
  28. “Comments on Paul Seabright,” Ethics 98 (1988) 332-40. Czech translation in Znak 59 (2007), 61-73.
  29. “Comments on Alexander Mourelatos,” Proc. Bost. Area Colloq. Anc. Phil. 2 (1986), 195-207.
  30. “‘Finely Aware and Richly Responsible’: Literature and the Moral Imagination,” (an expanded version of #25), in Literature and the Question of Philosophy, ed. A. Cascardi (Baltimore 1987) 169-91, Reprinted in Anti-Theory and Moral Conservatism, ed. S. G. Clarke and E. Simpson (Albany 1989) 111-34.
  31. “Aristotle” (a dialogue with Bryan Magee), in The Great Philosophers: Introductionto Western Philosophy, ed. B. Magee, BBC Books 1987, 32-54. Spanish translation 1987.
  32. “The Stoics on the Extirpation of the Passions,” Apeiron 20 (1987) 129-77.
  33. “Love’s Knowledge,” in Perspectives on Self Deception, ed. B. McLaughlin and A. Rorty (Berkeley 1988) 4887-514.
  34. “Nature, Function, and Capability: Aristotle on Political Distribution,” in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Supplementary Volume l (1988) 145-84; a somewhat different version in Aristoteles: Politik, ed. G. Patzig (Göttingen1990) 152-86. Reprinted in Marx and Aristotle, ed. G. McCarthy (Maryland 1992) 175-212.
  35. “Reply to David Charles,” Oxford Studies Supp. l (1988) 207-14.
  36. “Aristote et la fragilité de la bonté,” (written in French), Bulletin de la Société française de philosophie 81 (1987) 117-44.
  37. “Perceptive Equilibrium,” in The Future of Literary Theory, ed. R. Cohen (New York 1989) 58-85; also published in Logos 8 (1987) 55-83. Reprinted in A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature, ed. Garry Hagberg and Walter Jost (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), 241-67.
  38. “Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach,” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1988) 32-53. Expanded version in Nussbaum and Sen, The Quality of Life, 242-69.
  39. (with Amartya Sen) “Internal Criticism and Indian Rationalist Traditions,” in Relativism: Interpretation and Confrontation, ed. M. Krausz (Notre Dame 1989) 299-325.
  40. “Beyond Obsession and Disgust: Lucretius’ Genealogy of Love,” Apeiron 22 (1989) 1-59.
  41. “Mortal Immortals: Lucretius on Death and the Voice of Nature,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1989) 303-51.
  42. “Tragic Conflicts,” Radcliffe Quarterly March 1989.
  43. “Comment on David Halperin,” Proc. Bost. Area Colloq. Anc. Phil. 4 (1989) 53-72.
  44. Interview with Bill Moyers, in Bill Moyers, A World of Ideas. Doubleday, 1989.
  45. “Perception and Revolution: The Princess Casamassima and the Political Imagi-nation,” in Meaning and Method, a volume in honor of Hilary Putnam, ed. G. Boolos (Cambridge 1990) 327-54.
  46. “Aristotelian Social Democracy,” in Liberalism and the Good, ed. R. B. Douglass, G. Mara, and H. Richardson (New York 1990) 203-52. Reprinted in Aristotle and Modern Politics, ed. A. Tessitore (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2002), 47-104; in a shortened form in Necessary Goods: Our Responsibilities to Meet Others’ Needs, ed. Gillian Brock (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998), 135-56.
  47. “Euripides’ Bacchae: Introduction,” published with a new translation of the play by C. K. Williams (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1990) vii-xliv.
  48. “Reply” to six articles on The Fragility of Goodness, Soundings 72 (1990)725-81.
  49. “‘By Words, Not Arms’: Lucretius on Anger and Aggression,” in The Poetics of Therapy, Apeiron 23 (1990) 41-90.
  50. “Therapeutic Arguments and Structures of Desire,” Differences 2 (1990) 46-66. Reprinted in Feminism and Ancient Philosophy, ed. Julie K. Ward (New York: Routledge, 1996), 195-216.
  51. “The Literary Imagination in Public Life,” New Literary History 22 (1991) 878-910. Spanish version as “La imaginación literaria en la vida pública,” Isegoría (Madrid) 11 (1995), 42-80.
  52. “The Transfigurations of Intoxication: Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and Dionysus,”Arion 2 (1991) 75-111. Reprinted in Nietzsche, Philosophy, and the Arts, ed. Salim Kemal et al. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 36-69; in A Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer, ed. Chris Janaway (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 344-74; and in Nietzsche: Critical Assessments, ed. Daniel W. Conway with Peter S. Goff (London and New York: Routledge, 1998), vol. I, 331-59.
  53. “Comments” on papers in a symposium on Classical Philosophy and the Constitution, Chicago Kent Law Review 66 (1991) 213-42.
  54. “Skeptic Purgatives: Therapeutic Arguments in Ancient Skepticism,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 29 (1991) 1-33.
  55. (with Hilary Putnam) “Changing Aristotle’s Mind,” in Nussbaum and Rorty, Essays On Aristotle’s De Anima, 27-56.
  56. “The Text of Aristotle’s De Anima,” in Nussbaum and Rorty,1-6.
  57. “Reply to Richard Eldridge,” Arion 3 (1992) 198-207.
  58. “Reply” to papers on The Fragility of Goodness, Philosophical Investigations 16 (1993) 46-86.
  59. “Aristotle, Feminism, and Needs for Functioning,” Texas Law Review 70 (1992) 1019-28. Reprinted in Cynthia Freeland, ed., Feminist Interpretations of Aristotle (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998), 248-59. French translation in Repenser la Politique: L’apport du féminisme, ed. F. Collin and P. Deutscher (Paris: CampagnePremière, 2004), 183-98.
  60. “Emotions as Judgments of Value,” Yale Journal of Criticism 5 (1992) 201-12.
  61. “The Softness of Reason: A Classical Case for Gay Studies,” The New Republic, July 13/20, 26-35.
  62. “Human Functioning and Social Justice: In Defense of Aristotelian Essentialism,” Political Theory 20 (1992) 202-46. Shorter version published under the title, “Social Justice and Universalism: In Defense of an Aristotelian Account of Human Functioning”, Modern Philology 90 (1993) Supplement, S46-S73. German version published as “Menschliches Handeln und soziale Gerechtigkeit,” in Gemeinschaft und Gerechtigkeit, ed. H. Brunkhorst and M. Brumlik (Frankfurt 1993).
  63. “Tragedy and Self-Sufficiency: Plato and Aristotle on Fear and Pity,” in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 10 (1992) 107-60. A shorter version in Essays on Aristotle’s Poetics, ed. A. Rorty (Princeton

1992) 261-90.

  1. (with Amartya Sen) “Introduction,” in Nussbaum and Sen, The Quality of Life, 1-6.
  2. “Comment on Charles Taylor,” in Nussbaum and Sen, The Quality of Life, 232-41.
  3. “Comment on Onora O’Neill,” in The Quality of Life, 324-35.
  4. Chapter 13 of The Fragility of Goodness reprinted in a volume on Euripides, ed. C. J. Herington, Chelsea House Publishers.
  5. “Serpents in the Soul: A Reading of Seneca’s Medea,” in Pursuits of Reason: Essays in Honor of Stanley Cavell, ed. T. Cohen, P. Guyer, and H. Putnam (Lubbock 1993) 307-44. Reprinted in Medea, ed. J. Clauss, Princeton University Press 1997.
  6. “Equity and Mercy,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (1993) 83-125. Reprinted in Punishment: A Philosophy and Public Affairs Reader, ed. A. John Simmons, et al., Princeton University Press, 1995, 145-87; in Punishment and Rehabilitation, ed. Jeffrie Murphy, Wadsworth, 1995, 212-48; and in Literature and Legal Problem Solving, ed. Paul Heald (Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 1998), 15-54.
  7. “The Use and Abuse of Philosophy in Legal Education,” Stanford Law Review 45 (1993) 1627-45.
  8. “Pity and Mercy: Nietzsche’s Stoicism,” in Nietzsche: Genealogy, Morality ed. R. Schacht (Berkeley: U of California Press, 1994) 139-67. German version in Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 5 (1993) 831-58.
  9. “Character,” “Tragedy,” “Literature and Ethics”: The Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. L. Becker, 1992.
  10. Extracts from Fragility of Goodness, chs. l and 11, in Moral Luck, ed. D. Statman (Albany 1993) 73-108.
  11. “Poetry and the Passions: Two Stoic Views,” in Passions & Perceptions, ed. Brunschwig and Nussbaum, 97-149.
  12. “The Oedipus Rex and the Ancient Unconscious,” in Freud and Forbidden Knowledge, ed. P. Rudnytsky and E. H. Spitz (New York: New York University Press, 1993), 42-71.
  13. “Comparing Virtues,” Journal of Religious Ethics 1993. 345-67.
  14. “Virtue Revived,” in TLS issue on philosophy, June 1992. French translation 1994, in Le Compromis Moral.
  15. “Is Homosexuality Wrong: An Exchange,” (MN vs. John Finnis), The New Republic November 2, 1993.
  16. “Skepticism About Practical Reason in Literature and the Law,” Harvard Law Review 107 (1994)

714-44. Repr. in Vernunftbegriffe in der Moderne, ed. Hans Friedrich Fulda & Rolf-Peter Horstmann (Klett-Cotta 1994) 347-79.

  1. “Valuing Values: A Case for Reasoned Commitment,” Yale Journal of Law and Humanities, 6 (1994) 197-217.
  2. “Platonic Love and Colorado Law: The Relevance of Ancient Greek Norms to Modern Sexual Controversies,” Virginia Law Review 80 (1994) 1515-1651. (Appendix Four is co-authored with Kenneth Dover.) A shorter version published in The Greeks and Us: Essays in Honor of Arthur W. H. Adkins, ed. R. B. Louden and P. Schollmeier (Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1997), 168-218.
  3. “Human Capabilities, Female Human Beings,” in Women, Culture, and Development, ed. Nussbaum and Glover, 61-104.
  4. “Emotions and Women’s Capabilities,” in Women, Culture, and Development, 360-95.
  5. “The Ascent of Love: Plato, Spinoza, Proust,” New Literary History 25 (1994), 925-49.
  6. Articles on “Aristotle” and “Hylomorphism,” A Companion to Metaphysics, ed. J. Kim and E. Sosa, B. H. Blackwell.
  7. Articles on “Aristotle,” “Parmenides”, “Heraclitus,” “Political Theory,” and “Economic Theory” for Oxford Classical Dictionary, third edition, ed. Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Oxford University Press, 1997.
  8. “Aristotle on Human Nature and the Foundations of Ethics,” in World, Mind, and Ethics: Essays on the Philosophy of Bernard Williams, ed. J. E. G. Altham and Ross Harrison, Cambridge University Press 1995, 86-131.
  9. “Beatrice’s ‘Dante’: Loving the Individual?” in Virtue, Love, and Form, Apeiron special issue 1993-4, published 1994,ed. Irwin and Nussbaum, 161-78. German translation published in Dieter Thomä, ed., Analytische Philoisophie der Liebe (Paderborn: Mentis, 2000).
  10. “‘Lawyer for Humanity: Theory and Practice in Ancient Political Thought,” Nomos 37 (1995), 181-215.
  11. “Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism,” The Boston Review fall 1994.(Whole issue is this piece, replies, and my replies to replies.) Translated as “Educare cittadini del mondo,” in Piccole patrie, grande mondo, Reset, Milan, 1995, 21-29.
  12. “The Transfiguration of Everyday Life,” Metaphilosophy 25(1994) 238-61.
  13. “Poetic Justice: A Response to Nancy Sherman,” Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie fall 1994, vol. 2, 201-3, 220-38.
  14. “Erôs and the Wise: The Stoic Response to a Cultural Dilemma,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 13 (1995), 231-67. Reprinted in The Emotions in Hellenistic Philosophy, ed. J. Sihvola and T. Engberg-Pedersen (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1998, New Synthese Historical Library Vol 46), 271-304.
  15. (with Dan Kahan) “Two Conceptions of Emotion in Criminal Law,” Columbia Law Review 96 (1996), 269-374.

94a. (with Dan Kahan), “Emotions Weigh on the Scales of Justice: Perspectives on the Smith Trial,” Los Angeles Times,, July 25, 1995, B9.

  1. “Feminism and Internationalism,” Metaphilosophy 27 (1996) 202-208.
  2. “The Window: Knowledge of Other Minds in Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse,” New Literary History 26 (1995) 731-53; shorter version in The British Tradition in 20th Century Philosophy, Proceedings of the 17th International Wittgenstein-Symposium (Vienna: Hölder-Pickler-Tempsky,1996) 27-42. Reprinted in Ordinary Language Criticism: Literary Thinking After Cavell and Wittgenstein, ed. Kenneth Dauber and Walter Jost (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2003): 55-76.
  3. “Objectification,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (1995) 249-91. Reprinted in Alan Soble, ed., The Philosophy of Sex, new edition 1998.
  4. “Compassion: The Basic Social Emotion,” Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1996), 27-58.
  5. “Lesbian and Gay Rights: Pro,” and “Reply” to Roger Scruton, in The Liberation Debate, ed. M. Leahy (London: Routledge, 1996), 89-107, 125-9.
  6. “Poets as Judges: Judicial Rhetoric and the Literary Imagination,” University of Chicago Law Review 62 (1995) 1477-1519.
  7. “The Feminist Critique of Liberalism,” in Women’s Voices, Women’s Rights: Oxford Amnesty Lectures 1996, ed. Alison Jeffries (Boulder, Co: Westview, 1999). Also published in pamphlet form as the Lindley Lecture for 1997, University of Kansas Press.
  8. “Religion and Women’s Human Rights,” in Religion and Contemporary Liberalism, ed. Paul Weithman (Notre Dame: Notre Dame U Press, 1997), 93-137.
  9. “Double Moral Standards?” Boston Review, Oct.-Nov. 1996.
  10. “Women in the Sixties,” in Reassessing the Sixties, ed. Stephen Macedo (New York: Norton, 1997), 82-101.
  11. “Wuthering Heights: The Romantic Ascent,” Philosophy and Literature 20 (1996), 362-82.
  12. “Marley’s Burden: A Ghost Story,” in symposium on the future of the Catholic University, Boston College Magazine fall 1996, 32-35.
  13. “An Interview with Martha Nussbaum,” Cogito 10 (1996), 173-85.
  14. “Love and Vision: Iris Murdoch on Eros and the Individual,” in Iris Murdoch and the Search for Human Goodness, ed. Maria Antonaccio and William Schweiker (Chicago: U of Chicago Press, 1996), 29-53.
  15. “Kant and Stoic Cosmopolitanism,” Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (1997), 1-25; as “Kant und stoisches Weltbürgertum,” in Frieden durch Recht:Kants Friedensidee und das Problem einer neuen Weltordnung, ed. Matthias Lutz-Bachmann and James Bohman (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1996), 45-75, and in English as Perpetual Peace (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997), pp. 25-58.
  16. “Tragische Konflikte und wohlgeordnete Gesellschaft,” interview by Josef Früchtl and Herlinde Pauer-Studer, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 44 (1996), 135-48.
  17. “Constructing Love, Desire, and Care,” in Sex, Preference, and Family, ed. Estlund and Nussbaum (see above), 17-33.
  18. “Is Nietzsche a Political Thinker?” International Journal of Philosophical Studies 5 (1997), 1-13.
  19. “Emotions as Judgments of Value and Importance,” in Relativism, Suffering, and Beyond: Essays in Memory of Bimal K. Matilal, ed. P. Bilimoria and J. N. Mohanty (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), 231-51. Swedish translation in Tanke Känsla Identitet, ed. Ulla Holm et al. (Gothenberg: Annama, 1997),197-236. Reprinted in Robert Solomon, ed., What Is an Emotion?: Classic and Contemporary Readings (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003): 271-83. Reprinted in Robert Solomon,ed. Thinking About Feeling, (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), 183-199.
  20. “Religion and Women’s Human Rights,” Criterion 36 (1997): 2-13. (a shorter version of 101). This version reprinted in Gary Kessler, ed., Philosophy of Religion: Toward a Global Perspective, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1999, pp. 311-25.
  21. Articles on “Plato,” “Aristotle,” “Stoics,” “Xenophon,” and “Greek Aesthetics” in the Dictionary of Art, ed. H. Brigstocke, MacMillan.
  22. “Democracy’s Wake-Up Call,” Times Higher Education Supplement, Oct. 3, 1997, p. 18.
  23. “Flawed Foundations: The Philosophical Critique of (a particular type of) Economics,” University of Chicago Law Review 64 (fall 1997), 1197-1214.
  24. “Plato’s Republic: The Good Society and the Deformation of Desire,” Library of Congress, 1998 (printed as a pamphlet).
  25. “The Good as Discipline, the Good as Freedom,” in Ethics of Consumption: The Good Life, Justice, and Global Stewardship, ed. David A. Crocker and Toby Linden (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998), 312-41.
  26. “Victims and Agents,” The Boston Review 23 (Feb-March 1998), 21-24. Selected for reprinting in The Art of the Essay 1999, ed. Philip Lopate, Doubleday Anchor Books.
  27. “Cooking for a Job: The Law School Hiring Process,” The Green Bag, 2d series vol 1 no. 3 (1998), 253-64.
  28. “Capabilities and Human Rights,” Fordham Law Review 66 (1997), 273-300. A revised version in Global Justice, Transnational Politics, ed. Pablo De Greiff and Ciaran Cronin (Cambridge, MA and London: The MIT Press, 2002), 117-150.
  29. “Invisibility and Recognition: Democracy and the Political Role of the Artist,” in Dutch translation as “Onzichtbaarheid en erkenning: Democratie en de politieke rol van de kunstenaar,” Nexus 19 (1997), 37-49.
  30. “Emotions as Judgments of Value: a Philosophical Dialogue,” Comparative Criticism fall 1998, 1-30.
  31. “Response,” in Thinking in Public: A Forum, American Literary History, 1998, 52-61.
  32. “Through the Prism of Gender,” The Times Literary Supplement, March 20, 1998, 3-4.
  33. “Love,” Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (1998), vol. 5.
  34. “Morality and the Emotions,” Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (1998), vol. 6.
  35. “Narratives of Hierarchy: Loving v. Virginia and the Literary Imagination,” Quinnipiac Law Review 17 (1997), 337-55.
  36. “Still Worthy of Praise,” a reply to Richard Posner’s Holmes Lectures, Harvard Law Review 111 (1998), 1776-1795.
  37. “Little C: a Fantasy,” in Nussbaum and Sunstein, eds., Clones and Clones.
  38. “‘Whether From Reason or Prejudice’: Taking Money for Bodily Services,” Journal of Legal Studies 27 (1998), 701-32. German translation as “‘Mit Gründen oder aus Vorurteil’: Käufliche Körper,” in Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 47(1999), 937-66. Reprinted in Liberty for Women: Freedom and Feminism in the Twenty-First Century, ed. Wendy McElroy (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2002): 88-118; extract reprinted in Rethinking Commodification, ed. Martha M. Ertman and Joan C. Williams (New York: New York University Press, 2005), 243-7. Reprinted in Prostitution and Pornography: Philosophical Debate about the Sex Industry, ed. Jessica Spector (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006), 175-208. Reprinted in The Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings, ed. Nicholas Power, Raja Halwani, and Alan Soble (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2013), 409-440.
  39. “Public Philosophy and International Feminism,” Ethics 108 (1998), 762-96. Reprinted (with revisions) in Activity Theory and Social Practice, ed. S. Chaiklin, M. Hedegaard and U. J. Jensen (Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 1999), 161-200. A slightly different version published in What Is Philosophy?, ed. C. P. Ragland and Sarah Heidt, Yale University Press, 2001, 121-52. Another version in The Public Intellectual, ed. Arthur M. Melzer et al. (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003), 201-33.
  40. “Exactly and Responsibly: A Defense of Ethical Criticism,” Philosophy and Literature 22 (1998), 364-86.
  41. “Augustine and Dante on the Ascent of Love,” in The Augustinian Tradition, ed. Gareth B. Matthews (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999), 61-90.
  42. “Political Animals: Luck, Love, and Dignity,” Metaphilosophy 29 (1998), 273-87.
  43. “Feminist Political Philosophy: Martha Nussbaum talks to Diemut Bubeck and Alex Klaushofer,” Women’s Philosophy Review 20 (1998-9), 6-24.
  44. “Major Overhaul: Rigor and Requirements at the U of C,” Chicago Tribune March 11, 1999, page 23.
  45. “Toward Global Justice,” a Millenial Essay, on-line publication by The University of Chicago.
  46. “Het Jodendom en de liefde voor de ratio,” (“Judaism and the Love of Reason”), Nexus 23 (1999), 67-100. (Dutch translation number 216 below)
  47. “Précis of The Therapy of Desire” and “Reply to Papers in Symposium on Nussbaum, The Therapy of Desire,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (1999), 785-6, 811-19.
  48. “Foreword,” to new edition of Malcolm Schofield, The Stoic Idea of the City (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), xi-xv.
  49. “La ética de la virtud: una categoría equívoca,” (“Virtue Ethics: A Misleading Category”),in Arete: Revista de Filosofia (Lima, Peru) 11 (1999): 573-613. Spanish translation by Michell Nicholson.
  50. “Genesis of a Book: The Ness Award Acceptance Speech,” Liberal Education 85 (spring 1999), 38-41.
  51. “Of Paederasty and Proposition Two,” interview with Richard Schneider, Jr., Harvard Gay and Lesbian Review 5 (1998), 12-15.
  52. “Virtue Ethics: A Misleading Category?” The Journal of Ethics 3 (1999), 163-201. Revised version of 142.
  53. “Duties of Justice, Duties of Material Aid: Cicero’s Problematic Legacy,” Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (1999), 1-31. Revised version in Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations, ed. S. Strange and J. Zupko (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004); 214-49.
  54. “A Plea for Difficulty,” in J. Cohen, M. Howard, and M. Nussbaum, eds., Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999), 105-14.
  55. “Invisibility and Recognition: Sophocles’ Philoctetes and Ellison’s Invisible Man,” Philosophy and Literature 23 (1999), 257-83.
  56. “Capabilities, Human Rights, and the Universal Declaration,” in The Future of International Human Rights, ed. Burns H. Weston and Stephen P. Marks (Transnational Publishers, Inc.: Ardsley, New York, 1999), 25-64. A revised version of 122.
  57. “Aristotle in the Workplace” (an interview with Michael Malone), in A Parliament of Minds: Philosophy for a New Millenium, ed. Michael J. Tobias, J. Patrick Fitzgerald, and David Rotherberg (Albany: SUNY Press, 2000), 30-45.
  58. “Women and Equality: The Capabilities Approach,” International Labour Review 138 (1999),

227-45. Also published in Spanish and French. Reprinted with revisions in The Little Magazine (New Delhi, India), volume 1 number 1 (May 2000), pp. 26-37. Reprinted in Women, Gender and Work, ed. Martha Fetherolf Loutfi (Geneva: International Labour Office, 2001), 45-68. Czech translation of Little Magazine version, in Znak 17:4 (2005), 73-103.

  1. “Beautiful as a Free Human Mind: Women, Human Development, and the Spirit of Santiniketan,” Sreeoshi (a literary journal published in Santiniketan, West Bengal, India), Fall 1999.
  2. “‘Secret Sewers of Vice’: Disgust, Bodies, and the Law,” in The Passions of Law, ed. Susan A. Bandes (New York: New York University Press, 1999), 19-62.
  3. “Religion and Women’s Equality: The Case of India,” in Obligations of Citizenship and Demands of Faith, ed. Nancy Rosenblum (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), 335-402.
  4. “Women and the Decent Society: The Case of India,” in Sternwarten-Buch: Jahrbuch des Collegium Helveticum II, ed. Gerd Folkers, Helga Nowotny, and Martina Weiss (Zürich: Haffmans Sachbuch Verlag, 1999), 90-117.
  5. “Is Privacy Bad for Women? What the Indian Constitutional Tradition can Teach us About Sex Equality,” The Boston Review 25 (April/May 2000), 42-47.
  6. “Det gode livs sarbarhet,” Norwegian translation of extracts from The Fragility of Goodness, in Dydsetikk, ed. Arne Johan Vetlesen (Oslo: Humanist Forlag, imprint date 1998, actually released 2000).
  7. “In Defense of Universal Values,” version of chapter 1 of Women and Human Development, Idaho Law Review 36 (2000), 379-448. A similar paper in Controversies in Feminism, ed. J. Sterba (Rowman and Littlefield: 2000), 3-23. Spanish translation as “La ética del desarollo desde el enfoque de las capacidades. En defensa de los valores universales,” in M. Giusti, ed., La filosofía del siglo XX: Balance y Perspectivas (Lima, Peru: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Fondo Editorial, 2000), 37-52.
  8. “Why Practice Needs Ethical Theory: Particularism, Principle, and Bad Behavior,” in ‘The Path of the Law” and its Influence: The Legacy of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., ed. Steven J. Burton (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 50-86; and in Moral Particularism, ed. Brad Hooker and Margaret Little (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000), 227-55.
  9. “Emotionen und der Ursprung der Moral” (trans. Anita Ehlers), in G. Nunner-Winkler and W. Edelstein, eds., Moral im sozialen Kontext (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 2000), 82-115.
  10. “Reply,” to symposium on my work, Quinnipiac Law Review 19 (2000), 349-70.
  11. “The ‘Capabilities’ Advantage to Promoting Women’s Human Rights,” Human Rights Dialogue 2 (2000), 10-12.
  12. “Musonius Rufus – Enemy of Double Standards for Men and Women?” in Double Standards in the Ancient and Medieval World, ed. Karla Pollman (Göttingen: Duehrkohp & Radicke, 2000), 221-46.
  13. “Four Paradigms of Philosophical Politics,” The Monist 83 (2000), 465-90.
  14. “Aristotle, Politics, and Human Capabilities: A Response to Antony, Arneson, Charlesworth, and Mulgan,” Ethics 111 (2000), 102-40.
  15. “Essence of Culture and a Sense of History” (response to Jane Flax), in Controversies in Feminism, ed. J. Sterba (Rowman and Littlefield, 2000), 59-64.
  16. “Globalization Debate Ignores the Education of Women,” Chronicle of Higher Education September 8, 2000, B16-17.
  17. “Equilibrium: Scepticism and Immersion in Political Deliberation,” in Ancient Scepticism and the Scepticist Tradition, ed. Juha Sihvola, Acta Philosophica Fennica 66 (2000), 171-97.
  18. “The Costs of Tragedy: Some Moral Limits of Cost-Benefit Analysis,” Journal of Legal Studies 29 (2000), 1005-36. Reprinted in Matthew D. Adler and Eric A. Posner, eds., Cost-Benefit Analysis: Legal, Economic and Philosophical Perspectives (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000), 169-200.
  19. “Emotions and Social Norms,” in Culture, Thought, and Development, ed. Larry P. Nucci, Geoffrey B. Saxe, and Elliot Turiel (Mahwah, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000), 41-63.
  20. “Women’s Capabilities and Social Justice,” Journal of Human Development vol. 1 no. 2 (2000), 217-45.
  21. “Educhiamo cittadini del mondo,” an interview about my views on education with Gianfrancesco Zanetti, Ricerca (Journal of the Federation of Catholic Universities in Italy), number 3, 2000, pp. 30-32.
  22. “The Future of Feminist Liberalism,” Presidential Address delivered to the Central Division of the American Philosophical Association, Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 74 (2000), 47-79. A Spanish translation published as “El futuro del liberalismo feminista,” in Arete (Lima, Peru) 13 (2001), 59-101. German translation published as “Langfristige Fürsorge und soziale Gerechtigkeit,” in Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie, 51 (2003), 179-98. Reprinted in The Subject of Care: Feminist Perspectives on Dependency, ed. Eva Kittay and Ellen K. Feder (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002), 186-214. Reprinted in Setting the Moral Compass: Essays by Women Philosophers, ed. Cheshire Calhoun (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004), 72-90.
  23. “Women and Cultural Universals,” in Pluralism: The Philosophy and Politics of Diversity, ed. Maria Baghramian and Attracta Ingram (New York and London: Routledge, 2000), 197-227. (A much revised version of Chapter 1 of Sex and Social Justice.)
  24. “Comment,” in Goodness and Advice (Tanner Lectures of Judith Jarvis Thomson), ed. Amy Gutmann (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001), 97-125.
  25. “Lo Spettatore Emozionato: Intervista a Martha Nussbaum,” in Il Valore Cognitivo dell’Arte, ed. Brunella Antomarini, special issue of Il Cannocchiale: Rivista di studi filosofici 2000, no. 2, 153-5, trans. B. Antomarini.
  26. “India: Implementing Sex Equality Through Law,” Chicago Journal of International Law 2 (2001), 35-58.
  27. “Literature and Ethical Theory: Allies or Adversaries?”, Yale Journal of Ethics 9 (2000), 5-16. Reprinted in Frame: Tijdschrift voor literatuurwetenschap 17 (2003), 7-26.
  28. “Adaptive Preferences and Women’s Options,” Symposium on Amartya Sen’s Philosophy, Economics and Philosophy 17 (2001), 67-88.
  29. “The Enduring Significance of John Rawls,” Chronicle of Higher Education July 20, 2001, Section 2, B7-9.
  30. “The Protagoras: A Science of Practical Reasoning” (chapter 4 of The Fragility of Goodness, with updating and minor alterations), in Varieties of Practical Reason, ed. Elijah Millgram (Bradford: MIT Press, 2001), 153-202.
  31. “Cosmopolitan Emotions?”, under title “Growing into the Moment,” The Philadelphia Inquirer, Sunday, September 16, 2001, C15; also printed as “Cosmopolitan Emotions?” The Indian Express, Monday, September 24; as “Sentimientos sin fronteras,” in Diario de la Guerra (Argentina), September 30, 2001; in The Humanist (England); as “Emozione comopolitiche” in Reset (Italy).
  32. “How Should Feminists Criticize One Another?” The American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Feminism, Spring 2001, 89-92.
  33. “Arbeit an der Kultur der Vernunft,” in Was ist ein philosophisches Problem?, ed. Joachim Schulte and Uwe Justus Wenzel (Frankfurt: Fischer Taschenbuch, 2001), 145-47.
  34. “Political Objectivity.” New Literary History 32 (2001), 883-906.
  35. “A Tribute” (to Peter Cicchino), American University Law Review 50 (2001).
  36. “Humanities and Human Capabilities,” Liberal Education Summer 2001, 38-45.
  37. “Love, Literature, and Human Universals: Comments on the Papers,” in Martha C. Nussbaum: Ethics and Political Philosophy, colloquium in Münster 2000, ed. Angela Kallhof. Münster/Hamburg/London: LitVerlag, 129-152.
  38. “Comment on Quillen’s ‘Feminist Theory, Justice, and the Lure of the Human,” Signs 37 (2001), 123-34.
  39. “Can Patriotism Be Compassionate?” The Nation 273, no. 20 (December 17, 2001), 11-13.
  40. “Sex, Laws, and Inequality: What India Can Teach the United States,” Daedalus Winter 2002, 95-106.
  41. “Transcendence and Human Values,” (for book symposium on Robert Adams’s Finite and Infinite Goods), Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (March 2002), 445-52.
  42. “The Worth of Human Dignity: Two Tensions in Stoic Cosmopolitanism,” in Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin, ed. G. Clark and T. Rajak (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002), 31-49.
  43. “A Gentle Triumph Over Gender,” Newsday, March 17, 2002, B4.
  44. “Philosophy in the Public Interest,” (an interview with Margaret A. Miller), Change January/February 2002, 39-43.
  45. “The Incomplete Feminism of Musonius Rufus: Platonist, Stoic, and Roman,” in The Sleep of Reason: Erotic Experience and Sexual Ethics in Ancient Greece and Rome, ed. M. Nussbaum and J. Sihvola (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002): 283-326.
  46. “Erôs and Ethical Norms: Philosophers Respond to a Cultural Dilemma,” in The Sleep of Reason (see no. 196 above): 55-94. (A much revised version of “Erôs and the Wise.”)
  47. “Humanities, Past and Future,” in Research Universities and the Future of the Academic Disciplines, Proceedings from the Centennial Meeting of the Association of American Universities, University of Chicago, October 16, 2000, ed. Hugo Sonnenschein (New York: Association of American Universities, 2001), 63-75.
  48. “Ricoeur on Tragedy: Teleology, Deontology, and Phronesis,” in John Wall, William Schweiker, and W. David Hall, eds., Paul Ricoeur and Contemporary Moral Thought (New York and London: Routledge, 2002): 264-76.
  49. “Millean Liberty and Sexual Orientation: A Discussion of Ed Stein’s The Mismeasure of Desire,” Law and Philosophy 21 (2002), 317-334.
  50. “Aristotelische Sozialdemokratie: Die Verteidigung universaler Werte in einer pluralistischen Welt,” in Für eine aristotelische Sozialdemokratie, ed. Julian Nida-Rümelin and Wolfgang Thierse, a publication of the Kulturforum of the SDP (Essen: Klartext Verlag, 2002), 17-40. Reprinted as “Aristotelian Social Democracy: Defending Universal Values in a Pluralistic World, Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie 2003: 115-29.
  51. “Humanities and Human Development,” in Symposium “A Beginning in the Humanities, in honor of the 300th Birthday of Yale University, Journal of Aesthetic Education 36 (2002), 39-48.
  52. “A Different Israel,” The Nation Aug. 5/12 2002, 6-7.
  53. “Other Times, Other Places: Homosexuality in Ancient Greece,” in Rethinking Psychoanalysis and the Homosexualities, The Annual of Psychoanalysis 30 (2002), ed. Jerome A. Winer and James William Anderson (Hillsdale, N. J. : The Analytic Press, 2002), 9-22.
  54. “The Complexity of Groups: A Comment on Valadez,” Philosophy and Social Criticism 29 (2003), 57-69.
  55. “Moral Expertise? Constitutional Narrative and Philosophical Argument,” Metaphilosophy 33 (2002), 502-520.
  56. “Rawls and Feminism,” in The Cambridge Companion to Rawls, ed. Samuel Freeman (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 488-520. Spanish translation in Estudos Públicos, 103 (2006), 359-94.
  57. “Women and the Law of Peoples,” in a symposium on John Rawls’s The Law of Peoples, Politics, Philosophy, and Economics 1 (2002) 283-306.
  58. “Sex Equality, Liberty, and Privacy: A Comparative Approach to the Feminist Critique,” in E. Sridharan, Z. Hasan, and R. Sudarshan, eds., India’s Living Constitution: Ideas, Practices, Controversies, volume from conference on 50th anniversary of the Indian Constitution (New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2002) 242-83. A shortened version published under the title “What’s Privacy Got to Do With It? A Comparative Approach to the Feminist Critique,” in Women and the United States Constitution: History, Interpretation, Practice, ed. Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach and Patricia Smith (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003), 153-75.
  59. “Introduction to Comparative Constitutionalism,” in Symposium on Comparative Constitutionalism, Chicago Journal of International Law 3 (2002), 429-34.
  60. “Love, Particular and General,” (an introduction to Julius Caesar) , Bill, the program magazine of Chicago Shakespeare Theater, winter 2002/3, 4-5.
  61. “Making Philosophy Matter to Politics,” (a memorial for John Rawls), New York Times op-ed, Monday, December 2, 2002. Spanish translation as “Hacer que la Filosofía Se Ocupe de la Política,” in Cuadernos Filosófico-literarios 16-17 (2004), Universidad de Caldas (Colombia), 23-26.
  62. “Long-Term Care and Social Justice: A Challenge to Conventional Views of the Social Contract,” in Ethical Choices in Long-Term Care: What Does Justice Require?, World Health Organization (Geneva: WHO, 2002), 31-65. An extract reprinted in Long-Term Care for Older People, Luxembourg/European Union (Luxembourg: Aloss, 2006), 151-64.
  63. “Women’s Education is Worth the Price,” Financial Times, January 2003.
  64. “Compassion and Terror,” Daedalus Winter 2003, 10-26. A slightly different version, same title, in Terrorism and International Justice, ed. James Sterba (New York:: Oxford University Press, 2003), 229-52. Reprinted in Perspectives on Greek Philosophy: S. V. Keeling Memorial Lectures in Ancient Philosophy 1992—2002, ed. R. W. Sharples (Aldershot:: Ashgate, 2003), 142-60. Italian translation in Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 16 no. 38 (2003), 23-46. Reprinted in The Many Faces of Patriotism, ed. Philip Abbott (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2007), 15-36.
  65. “Judaism and the Love of Reason,” in Philosophy, Feminism, Faith, ed. Ruth E. Groenhout and Marya Bower (Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 2003), 9-39.
  66. “Women’s Capabilities and Social Justice,” in Gender Justice, Development, and Rights, ed. Maxine Molyneux and Shahra Razavi (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 45-77.
  67. “Love, Care, and Women’s Dignity: The Family as a Privileged Community,” in Diversity and Community: A Critical Reader, ed. Philip Alperson (Oxford: B. H. Blackwell, 2002), 209-230.
  68. “Cultivating Humanity in Legal Education,” University of Chicago Law Review 70 (2003): 265-79.
  69. “A Response to Wendy Doniger and Margaret Mitchell,” Criterion 42 (2003): 27-35 (in symposium on The Sleep of Reason, ed. Nussbaum and Sihvola).
  70. “Rules for the World Stage,” Newsday, Sunday April 20, 2003, A 33. (Carried on wire services and reprinted in newspapers in Europe and New Zealand.)
  71. “Genocide in Gujarat,” Dissent, Summer 2003, 61-69.
  72. “Tragedy and Human Capabilities: A Response to Vivian Walsh,” Review of Political Economy 15 (2003), 413-18.
  73. “Capable Management: An Interview with Martha Nussbaum,” Philosophy of Management 3 (2003): 3-16.
  74. “Capabilities as Fundamental Entitlements: Sen and Social Justice,” Feminist Economics Vol. 9, Number 2 and 3 (July/November 2003), pp. 33-59. Reprinted in Amartya Sen’s Work and Ideas: A Gender Perspective, ed. Bina Agarwal, Jane Humphries, and Ingrid Robeyns (Oxford and New York: Routledge, 2005): 35-62, and in India in Capabilities, Freedom, and Equality: Amartya Sen’s Work from a Gender Perspective, same editors (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006), 39-69. A related shorter version published as “Poverty and Human Functioning: Capabilities as Fundamental Entitlements,” in Poverty and Inequality, ed. David B. Grusky and Ravi Kanbur (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006), 47-75. A related longer version published as “Constitutions and Capabilities” in Democracy in a Global World, ed. Deen K. Chatterjee (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008), 111-144. Reprinted in The Global Justice Reader, ed. Thom Brooks (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2008), 598-614.
  75. “Philosophy and Literature.” The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy, ed. David Sedley. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003: 211-41.
  76. “Golden Rule Arguments: A Missing Thought?” In The Moral Circle and the Self: Chinese and Western Approaches, ed. Kim-chong Chong, Sor-hoon Tan, and C. L. Ten. Peru, Illinois: Open Court Publishing, 2003: 3-16.
  77. “‘Don’t Smile So Much’: Philosophy and Women in the 1970s,” in Singing in the Fire: Stories of Women in Philosophy, ed. Linda Martín Alcoff (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003): 93-108. Reprinted in revised form in True Confessions: Feminist Professors Tell Stories Out of School, ed. Susan Gubar (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2011), 157-171.
  78. “Tragedy and Justice: Bernard Williams Remembered,” The Boston Review 28 (Oct/Nov 2003), 35-9.
  79. “Promoting Women’s Capabilities,” in Global Tensions, ed. Lourdes Benaria and Savitri Bisnath (New York: Routledge, 2004), 241-56.
  80. “Interview,” Ethique économique/Ethics and Economics 1 (2003), 1-5.
  81. “Political Liberalism and Respect:: A Response to Linda Barclay,” Sats – Nordic Journal of Philosophy 4 (2003): 25-44.
  82. “Introduction” to new edition of Iris Murdoch’s The Black Prince (New York: Penguin Books, 2003), vii-xxvi.
  83. “The Modesty of Mrs. Bajaj: India’s Problematic Route to Sexual Harassment Law,” in Directions in Sexual Harassment Law, ed. Catharine A. MacKinnon and Reva B. Siegel (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), 633-71.
  84. “Gender and Governance: An Introduction,” in Essays on Gender and Governance, Martha Nussbaum, Amrita Basu, Yasmin Tambiah, and Niraja Gopal Jayal (New Delhi: United Nations Development Programme Resource Centre, 2003), 1-19.
  85. “Women’s Education: A Global Challenge.” Signs 29 (2004): 325-55. Reprinted in Women and Citizenship, ed. Marilyn Friedman (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005): 188-213.
  86. “Preface,” issue on Global Inequalities (with Chad Flanders), Philosophical Topics 30 (2002): 1-7.
  87. “Capabilities and Disabilities: Justice for Mentally Disabled Citizens,” Philosophical Topics 30 (2002): 133-65.

“Beyond ‘Compassion and Humanity’: Justice for Non-Human Animals,” in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions, ed. Cass R. Sunstein and Martha C. Nussbaum (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004): 299-320.

“Women and Theories of Global Justice: Our Need for New Paradigms,” in The Ethics of Assistance: Morality and the Distant Needy, ed. Deen Chatterjee (New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004): 147-176. (A different version of #209.)

“On Hearing Women’s Voices: A Reply to Susan Okin,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (2004): 193-205.

“‘On Equal Conditions: Constitutions as Protectors of the Vulnerable,” in Will Secular India Survive?, ed. Mushirul Hasan and Hasan Saroor (New Delhi: imprintOne, 2004), 22-49.

“Précis” and “Responses,” in book symposium on Nussbaum, Upheavals of Thought, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (2004): 443-9, 473-86.

“Mill Between Bentham and Aristotle,” Daedalus Spring 2004: 60-68. Reprinted in Economics and Happiness, ed. Luigino Bruni and Pier Luigi Porta (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 170-83.

“The Emotions of Working Life,” in Erfarenhetens rum och vägar, ed. Eva Erson and Lisa Oberg (Tumba, Sweden: Mangkulturellt centrum, 2003), 29-40.

“Beyond the Social Contract: Capabilities and Global Justice,” Oxford Development Studies 32 (2004), 3-18. Reprinted in The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism, ed. Gillian Brock and Harry Brighouse (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 196-218.

“Denying Foes Their Humanity,” Chicago Tribune, Sunday, May 16, 2004, section 2, pp. 1 and 4.

“Danger to Human Dignity: the Revival of Disgust and Shame in the Law,” The Chronicle of Higher Education August 6, 2004, B6-9. Czech translation in Gazeta swiateczna 13-14, 2004, pp. 22-3.

“Body of the Nation: Why Women Were Mutilated in Gujarat,” The Boston Review 29 (2004), 33-38; a slightly different version published as “Rape and Murder in Gujarat: Violence Against Muslim Women in the Struggle for Hindu Supremacy,” in ‘Holy War’ and Gender, ‘Gotteskrieg’ und Geschlecht, ed. Christina von Braun, Ulrike Brunotte, Gabriele Dietze, Daniela Hrzán, Gabriele Jähnert, Dagmar Pruin, Berliner Gender Studies vol. 2 (Münster: Transaction, 2006), 121-42.

“Beyond the Social Contract: Toward Global Justice,” The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 24 (2004). Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2004: 413-508.

“Care, Dependency, and Social Justice: A Challenge to Conventional Ideas of the Social Contract” (a revised version of # 214), in Living Longer: Ageing, Development and Social Protection, ed. Peter Lloyd-Sherlock (London: Zed Books, 2004), 275-99.

“India, Sex Equality, and Constitutional Law,” in Constituting Women: The Gender of Constitutional Jurisprudence, ed. Beverly Baines and Ruth Rubio-Marin (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004): 174-204.

“Religious Intolerance,” Foreign Policy September/October 2004: 44-45.

“’Faint With Secret Knowledge’: Love and Vision in Murdoch’s The Black Prince,” Poetics Today 25 (2004): 689-710.

“Two Picture of International Relations,” in What We Do Now, ed. Dennis Loy Johnson and Valerie Merians (Hoboken, N. J. : Melville House, 2004), 161-8.

“Zur Transzendierung des Menschseins” (a translation of the chapter “Transcending Humanity” from Love’s Knowledge), in Zum Glück, ed. Susan Neiman and Matthias Kross (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2004), 3-42.

“Inscribing the Face: Shame, Stigma, and Punishment,” in Political Exclusion and Domination: Nomos XLVI, ed. Melissa S. Williams and Stephen Macedo (New York: New York University Press, 2005), 259-302.

“The Death of Pity: Orwell and American Political Life,” in On Nineteen Eighty-Four: Orwell and Our Future, ed. A. Gleason, J. Goldsmith, and M. Nussbaum (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005), 279-99.

“Women’s Bodies: Violence, Security, Capabilities,” The Journal of Human Development 6 (2005), 167-83.

“Genética e Justiça: tratando a doença, respeitando a diferença” (revised version of review number 42, translated into Portuguese by Nono Coimbra Mesquita), Impulso: Revista de Cièncias Sociais e Humanas 15:36 (2004), 24-34.

“People as Fictions: Proust and the Ladder of Love,” (a version of the Proust chapter of Upheavals of Thought), in Erotikon: Essays on Eros, Ancient and Modern, ed. Shadi Bartsch and Thomas Bartscherer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004), 223-40.

“Analytic Love and Human Vulnerability: A Comment on Lawrence Friedman’s ‘Is there a Special Psychoanalytic Love?’” Journal of the American Psyhoanalytic Association 53 (2005), 377-84.

“Ter verdegiging van universele warden,” Flemish translation of an adaptation of part of chapter 1 of Women and Human Development, in Internationale Rechtvaardigheid, ed. Gert Verschraegen and Ronald Tinnevelt (Kallelen: Pelckmans, 2005), 141-61.

“Tolerance, Compassion, and Mercy” (in Hebrew translation), in I. Menuchin, ed., Can Tolerance Prevail? (book title in Hebrew) (Jerusalem: Hebrew University Magnus Press, 2005), 156-75.

“Wellbeing, Contracts and Capabilities,” in Lenore Manderson, ed., Rethinking Wellbeing (Perth, Australia: API Network, 2005), 27-44.

“The Cognitive Structure of Compassion,” (extract from Upheavals of Thought, ch. 6), in Clifford Williams, ed., Personal Virtues: Introductory Essays (Basingstoke, Hampshire and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), 117-42.

“Mill on Happiness: The Enduring Value of a Complex Critique” (a revised version of # 245), in Utilitarianism and Empire, ed. Bart Schultz and Georgios Varouxakis (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2005), 107-24.

“Religion, Culture, and Sex Equality,” (paper overlapping with chapter 3 of Women and Human Development, published after delay of some years), in Men’s Laws, Women’s Lives: A Constitutional Perspective on Religion, Common Law and Culture in South Asia, ed. Indira Jaising (Delhi: Women Unlimited, 2005), 109-37.

“Education and Democratic Citizenship: Beyond the Textbook Controversy,” in Islam and the Modern Age (New Delhi) 35 (2005), 69-89; a slightly different version as “Freedom from Dead Habit,” The Little Magazine (New Delhi) 6 (2005), 18-32.

“The Comic Soul: Or, This Phallus that Is Not One,” in The Soul of Tragedy: Essays on Athenian Drama, ed. Victoria Pedrick and Steven M. Oberhelman (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005), 155-80.

“The Moral Status of Animals,” The Chronicle of Higher Education February 3, 2006, B 6-8. Reprinted in The Animals Reader: The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings, ed. Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgerald, (Oxford: Berg, 2007), 30-36.

“Religione e sfera pubblica: fine della secolarizzazione? A colloquio con Martha Nussbaum, Charles Taylor, Charles Larmore, a cura di Paolo Costa,” Annali di Studi Religiosi 6 (2005), 431-60, my part 432-48.

“In Defense of Universal Values” (revised and shortened version of chapter 1 of Women and Human Development), in Concepts of Culture: Art, Politics, and Society, ed. Adam Muller (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2005), 291-334.

“Political Soul-Making and the Imminent Demise of Liberal Education,” Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2006) 301-13.

“The ‘Morality of Pity’: Sophocles’ Philoctetes and the European Stoics,” in Mind and Modality: Studies in the History of Philosophy in Honour of Simo Knuuttila (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 3-18.

“Education and Democratic Citizenship: Capabilities and Quality Education,” Journal of Human Development 7 (2006), 385-95.

“Jihad, McWorld, Modernity: Public Intellectuals Debate The “Clash of Civilizations,” Salmagundi 150-1 (2006), pp. 85-213. (This is a roundtable in which I’m one of a small group.) Reprinted in Salmagundi Magazine 50: The Symposium Issue (2015), 48-85.

“Radical Evil in the Lockean State: The Neglect of the Political Emotions,” Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (2006), 159-78. A longer version in Democracy and the New Religious Pluralism, ed. Thomas Banchoff (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), 171-202.

“Winnicott on the Surprises of the Self,” in The Messy Self, special issue of The Massachusetts Review, ed. Jennifer Rosner, 47 (2006), 375-93; reprinted as separate book by Paradigm Publishers, Boulder, CO, 2007, my essay 132-44.

“Teaching Humanity, ” Newsweek International, special global education issue, August 21/28, 2006, 69.

“Introduction,” Routledge Classics edition of D. W. Winnicott, The Family and Individual Development (New York: Routledge, 2006), xiii-xxi.

“Five Questions on Political Philosophy,” in Five Questions on Political Philosophy, ed. Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen (Automatic Press, 2006), 83-98.

“Boerkaverbod komt voort uit irrationele angst,” English title “Fearing Strangers,” NRC Handelsblad (The Netherlands), December 5, 2006.

“Feminism, Virtue, and Objectification,” in Raja Halwani, ed., Sex and Ethics: Essays on Sexuality, Virtue, and the Good Life (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007), 49-62.

“Gewetenswrijheid,” Dutch version of article forthcoming in Journal of Human Development, Algemeen Nederlands Tidschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 99 (2007), 67-85.

“Replies,” in special issue on my work, The Journal of Ethics 10 (2006), 463-506.

“Fears for Democracy in India,” The Chronicle of Higher Education 53, no. 37 ( May 18, 2007), B 6-9.

“Law and Literature: Reply to Amnon Reichman,” Journal of Legal Education 56 (2006), 320-29.

“Against Academic Boycotts,” Dissent Summer 2007, 30-36. Italian translation in Reset March-April 2008, 83-90. Reprinted in The Case Against Academic Boycotts of Israel, ed. Cary Nelson and Gabriel Noah Brahm (Wayne State University Press, 2015), 39-48.

“A Novel in Which Nothing Happens: Fontane’s Der Stechlin and Literary Friendship,” in Alice Crary, ed., Wittgenstein and the Moral Life: Essays in Honor of Cora Diamond (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2007), 327-354.

“Cultivating Humanity and World Citizenship,” Future Forum 2007, 37-40.

“Human Dignity and Basic Capabilities,” interview with Paola Bernardini, Paradoxa 1 (2007), 97-102.

“The Robot Corporation,” in symposium on “India at 60,” Outlook (India) 20 August 2007, 112-13.

“Liberty of Conscience: The Attack on Equal Respect,” Journal of Human Development 8 (2007), 337-58.

“Reply to Mohammed Abed” (in exchange about #290), Dissent Fall 2007, 87-89.

“Narcissism and Objectification,” in Carceral Notebooks, ed. Bernard Harcourt, 2 (2006), 59-64.

“Human Rights and Human Capabilities,” Harvard Human Rights Journal 20 (2007), 21-24.

“In Memoriam: Bernard D. Meltzer,” University of Chicago Law Review 72 (2007), 431-433.

“On Moral Progress: A Response to Richard Rorty,” University of Chicago Law Review 74 (2007,: 939-60.

“The Capabilities Approach and Ethical Cosmopolitanism: A Response to Noah Feldman,” The Yale Law Journal: The Pocket Part, October 30, 2007,

“Constitutions and Capabilities: ‘Perception’ Against Lofty Formalism,” Supreme Court Foreword, Harvard Law Review 121 (2007), 4-97. Reprinted in Quest for Justice: Collection of Essays, National Judicial Academy of India (Madhya Pradesh: National Judicial Academy, 2012), 30-73.

“‘Equal Respect for Conscience’: Roger Williams on the Moral Basis of Civil Peace,” The Harvard Review of Philosophy 15 (2007), 4-20.

“Menschenrechte und Fähigkeiten über Grenzen hinweg,” (Translation of parts of chapters 4-5 of Frontiers of Justice), in Ingo Richter, ed., Transnationale Menschenrechte: Schritte zu either weltweiten Verwirklichung der Menschenrechte (Opladen: Barbara Budrich, 2008), 61-83.

“‘Where the Dark Feelings Hold Sway’: Running to Music,” in Running and Philosophy, ed. Michael W. Austin (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007), 181-92.

“Carr, Before and After: Power and Sex in Carr v. Allison Gas Turbine Division, General Motors Corp,” The University of Chicago Law Review 74 (2007), 1831-1844.

“In Defense of Universal Values” (a version of chapter 1 of Women and Human Development), in Social Development, Social Inequalities, and Social Justice, ed. Cecilia Wainryb, Judith G. Smetana, and Elliott Turiel (New York: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2008), 209-34.

“10 x 10: 10 years, 10 questions,” The Philosophers’ Magazine issue 40 (2008), my part on 51-54.

“Fatti che possono accadere” (Italian version of Interlude 1 from Upheavals of Thought), in Sistemi emotive: artisti contemporanei tra emozione e ragione (Milan: Silvano, 2007), 62-77.

“Beyond Toleration to Equal Respect,” Seminar, Issue on India 2007 (January 2008), 100-104.

“Retten til sit eget potentiale” (interview, in Danish translation), Raeson 2 (2007), 214-19.

“The ‘Morality of Pity’: Sophocles’ Philoctetes,” in Rethinking Tragedy, ed. Rita Felski (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), 148-69.

“Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism,” “Capabilities as Fundamental Entitlements,” and part of chapter 3 of Women and Human Development reprinted in The Global Justice Reader, ed. Thom Brooks (Malden MA: Blackwell, 2008), 306-315, 598-614, 615-649.

“Human Dignity and Political Entitlements,” in Human Dignity and Bioethics: Essays Commissioned by the President’s Council on Bioethics (Washington, D. C. 2008), 351-380. German translation in Zeitschrift für Menschenrechte 1 (2010), 80-97.

Chapter 1 of Women and Human Development reprinted in revised form in Social Development, Social Inequalities, and Social Justice, ed. C. Waiinryb, J. G. Smetana, and E. Turiel (New York: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2008), 209-34.

“Trading on America’s Puritanical Streak: Prostitution Laws Mean-Spirited, Penalize Women,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution March 14, 2008, op ed page.

“Violence on the Left: Nandigram and the Communists of West Bengal,” Dissent spring 2008, 27-33.

“The Clash Within: Modern Democracies and the Sources of Religious Violence,” The Little Magazine 7 (2008), 24-35.

“Toward a Globally Sensitive Patriotism,” Daedalus Summer 2008, 78-93.

“Education for Profit, Education for Freedom,” special lecture 1, Institute for Development Studies Kolkata,, printed as pamphlet, March 2008. Chinese translation in Fudan Education Forum 8:3 (May 2010), 29-33.

“Fornuft og Folelser,” an interview, in Kvinnereisen: Moter med Feminismens Tenkere ed. Birgitte Middtun (Oslo: Humanist Forlag, 2008), 13255.

“The First Founder,” The New Republic, September 10, 2008, 24-31. French translation in L’arbitrage, 52 (2009), Paris: CNRS, pp. 299-316.

“Robin West, ‘Jurisprudence and Gender’: Defending a Radical Liberalism,” University of Chicago Law Review 75 (2008), 985-96.

“The Mourner’s Hope: Grief and the Foundations of Justice,” Boston Review 33 (Nov.-Dec. 2008), 18-20.

“Women in the Campaign and the Court,” The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 24, 2008.

“Terrorism in India has Many Faces,” Los Angeles Times, Sunday, November 30, 2008.

“Bernard Williams: Tragedies, Hope, Justice,” in Reading Bernard Williams, ed. Daniel Callcut, (New

York: Routledge, 2009), 213-41.

“The Clash Within: Democracy and the Hindu Right,” in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, ed. KaushikBasu and Ravi Kanbur, Vol. II (Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press, 2009), 503-21. Also in a slightly different form in Journal of Human Development 9 (2008), 357-376.

“”Who is the Happy Warrior: Philosophy Poses Questions to Psychology,” Journal of Legal Studies 37 (2008), 81-114. Reprinted in Law and Happiness, ed. Eric A. Posner and Cass R. Sunstein (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 81-114. A revised and updated edition published in the International Review of Economics, 59 (2012), 335-61.

“Land of My Dreams: Islamic Liberalism Under Fire in India,” The Boston Review 34 (March/April 2009), 10-14. Reprinted in The Idea of a University: Jamia Millia Islamia, ed. Rakhshanda Jalil (New Delhi: Aakar, 2009), 13-28.

“Perché sbaglia l’anti-religioso,” an adapted extract from #295, Reset 112 (March-April 2009), 27-34.

“The Capability of Philosophy: An Interview with Martha C. Nussbaum” (interviewer Jeffrey Williams), The Minnesota Review 71-2 (2009), 63-86.

“A Right to Marry? Same-Sex Marriage and Constitutional Law,” Dissent, summer 2009, 43-55.

“Liberty of Conscience: the Attack on Equal Respect” (a revised version of 295, with new material about India), Third Frame 2 (2009): 24-48.

“Nationalism and Development:: Can There Be a Decent Patriotism?” Indian Journal of Human Development 2 (2008): 259-78.

“Hiding From Humanity: Replies to Charlton, Haldane, Archard, and Brooks,” in symposium on Hiding From Humanity, Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2008), 335-49.

“Capabilities and Constitutional Law: ‘Perception’ Against Lofty Formalism,” (a shortened and revised version of Supreme Court Foreword), Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 10 (2009), 341-58.

“Stoic Laughter: A Reading of Seneca’s Apocolocyntosis,” in Seneca and the Self, ed. Shadi Bartsch and David Wray (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), 84-112; also in The Journal of Greco-Roman Studies (Korea), 34 (2008), 112-141,

“Iris Young’s Last Thoughts on Responsibility for Global Justice,” in Dancing With Iris: The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young, ed. Ann Ferguson and Mechthild Nagel (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 133-46.

“Martha Nussbaum: Justice,” in Astra Taylor (interviewer), Examined Life (New York: The New Press, 2009), 115-32.

“Commentary on Kamtekar,” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 24 (2008), 151-61.

“The Capabilities of People with Cognitive Disabilities,” Metaphilosophy 40 (2009), 331-51. Reprinted in Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy, ed. Eva Kittay and Licia Carlson (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), 75-96.

“Tagore, Dewey, and the Imminent Demise of Liberal Education,” Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education, ed H. Siegel (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 35-51.

“The Challenge of Gender Justice,” in Against Injustice: The New Economics of Amartya Sen (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), 94-111.

“Philosophical Norms and Political Attachments: Cicero and Seneca,” in Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy, ed. Dorothea Frede and Bukhard Reis (Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009), 425-44.

“Commentary: ‘A Piece of the Pie’: Women, India, and ‘the West,’” New Literary History 40 (2009), 431-48.

“Reply” in symposium on my Liberty of Conscience, Villanova Law Review 54 (2009), 677-701.

“Toleration, Compassion, and Mercy” (English version of 265), in Narrative, Self, and Social Practice, ed. Uffe Juul Jensen and Cheryl F. Mattingly (Aarhus: Philosophia Press, 2009), 37-54.

“Compassion: Human and Animal,” in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover, ed. N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen, and Jeff McMahan (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 202-26. A slightly revised version in Understanding Moral Sentiments: Darwinian Perspectives?, ed. Hilary Putnam, Susan Neiman and Jeffrey P. Schloss (New Brunswick and London: Transaction Publishers, 2014), 123-50.

Contribution to Symposium “Intellectuals and Their America,” Dissent, winter 2010, 32-33.

“The Liberal Arts are not Elitist,” Chronicle of Higher Education March 5, 2010, p. A88.

“Reply to Diane Wood, Constitutions and Capabilities: A (Necessarily) Pragmatic Approach, Chicago Journal of International Law 10 (2010), 431-6.

“Mill’s Feminism: Liberal, Radical, and Queer,” in John Stuart Mill: Thought and Influence, ed. Georgios Varouxakis and Paul Kelly (London: Routledge, 2010), 130-45.

“A Passion for Truth” (a remembrance of Sir Kenneth Dover), The New Republic online, April 1, 2010.

“Liberalism, Development, and Gender: Responses to the Papers,” in Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, Symposium Volume: Honoring the Contributions of Professor Martha Nussbaum to the Scholarship and Practice of Gender and Sexuality Law, Vol. 19 (2010), p. 249-85.

“Skills for Life: Why Cuts in Humanities Teaching Pose a Threat to Democracy Itself,” Times Literary Supplement April 30, 2010, 13-15.

“Ralph Cohen and the Dialogue between Philosophy and Literature,” New Literary History 40 (fall 2009), 757-66.

“Being Human,” The New Statesman June 1, 2010.

“Veiled Threats?” New York Times Opinionator, July 11, 2010 (online at Reply, Thursday, July 15 at Italian translation, Reset September/October 2010.

“The Ugly Models” (on education in Singapore and China), The New Republic online, July 1, 2010.

“ Poor education, Poor Democracy,” Washington Post Political Bookworm, August 13, 2010, at

  1. “Education for Profit, Education for Freedom,” American Constitution Society blog, August 12, 2010, at http;//
  2. “Equality and Love at the End of The Marriage of Figaro: Forging Democratic Emotions, Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 11 (2010), 397-424. A related version in French in Emotion privées, espace public, ed. Solange Chavel, Raison Publique 13 (2010), 15-48.

“What We Could Learn From India and Korea,” The New Republic online,, August 13, 2010.

“Deliberation and Insight: Bloch v Frischholz and the “Chicago School” of Judicial Behavior,” University of Chicago Law Review 77 (2010), 1139-64.

“Interview with Martha C Nussbaum,” (done by Katerina Majrhold), Sodorna Pedagogika (Slovenia), 3 (2010), 164-71.

“A Right to Marry?” California Law Review 98 (2010), 667-696.

“Reply,” California Law Review 98 (2010), 731-47.

“Foreword” to Iris Marion Young, Responsibility for Justice (New York: Oxford Univrsity Press, 2011), ix-xxv.

“The End of Education,” (an interview with James Garvey), The Philosophers’ Magazine issue 52 (2011), 21-30.

“Democratic Desire: Walt Whitman,” (based on chapter 15 of Upheavals of Thought), in A Political Companion to Walt Whitman, ed. Jon E. Seery (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2011), 96-130.

“Kann es einen ‘gereinigten Patriotismus’ geben? Ein Pladoyer für globale Gerechtigkeit,” in Kosmopolitanismus: Zur Geschichte und Zukunft eines umstrittenen Ideals, ed. Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Andreas Niederberger, and Philipp Schink, (Göttingen: Velbrück, 2010), 242-76. (Written by me in English.)

“Capabilities, Entitlements, Rights: Supplementation and Critique,” Journal of Human Development and

Capabilities 12 (2011), 23-38.

“Perfectionist Liberalism and Political Liberalism,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 39 (2011), 3-45. Reprinted in Comim and Nussbaum, Capabilities, Gender, Equality 19-56.

“Democracy, Education, and the Liberal Arts: Two Asian Models,” UC Davis Law Review 44 (2011), 735-72.

“The Capabilities Approach and Animal Entitlements,” in Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics, ed. Tom Beauchamp (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), 228-51.

“The Capabilities Approach and Ethical Cosmopolitanism: The Challenge of Political Liberalism,” in The Ashgate Research Companion to Cosmopolitanism, ed. Maria Rovisco and Magdalena Nowicka (Surrey, England and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2011), 403-10.

“’Faint with Secret Knowledge’: Love and Vision in Murdoch’s The Black Prince,” (a revised version of 255), in Iris Murdoch, Philosopher, ed. Justin Broackes (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), 135-154.

“Personal Laws and Equality: The Case of India,” in Comparative Constitutional Design, ed. Tom Ginsburg (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), 266-293.

“Reinventing the Civil Religion: Comte, Mill, Tagore,” Victorian Studies 54 (2011), 7-34.

“Abortion, Dignity, and a Capabilities Approach,” (with Rosalind Dixon), in Feminist Constitutionalism: Global Perspectives, ed. Beverley Baines, Daphne Barak-Erez, and Tsvi Kahana (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

“Children’s Rights and a Capabilities Approach: The Question of Special Priority,” (with Rosalind Dixon), Cornell Law Review 97 (2012), 549-93.

“Preface” to The Capability Approach on Social Order, ed. Niels Weidtmann (Berlin: LitVerlag, 2012), a volume of essays on my work. Pages 9-24.

“Rawls’s Political Liberalism: A Reassessment,” Ratio Juris 24 (2011), 1-24.

“Affirmative Action and the Goals of Education,” in Equalizing Access, ed. Zoya Hasan and Martha C. Nussbaum (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2012), 71-88.

“Teaching Patriotism: Love and Critical Freedom,” University of Chicago Law Review 79 (2012), 213-50.

“When is Forgiveness Right?” The Indian Express, October 9, 2012, see

“Die lautlose Krise,” (a revised extract from Not For Profit), in Die Zukunft der Geisteswissenschaften in einer multipolaren Welt, ed. J. Mittelstrass and Ulrich Rüdiger (Konstanz: Konstanz University Press, 2012), 89-98.

“The Stain of Illegitimacy: Gender, Law, and Trollopian Subversion,” in Nussbaum and LaCroix, Subversion and Sympathy, 150-175.

“Rabindranath Tagore: Subversive Songs for a Transcultural ‘Religion of Humanity,’” Plenary Lecture at the International Musicological Society meeting in Rome, 2012, Acta Musicologica 84 (2012), 147-60.

“Climate Change: Why Theories of Justice Matter,” Chicago Journal of International Law 13 (2013), 469-88.

“Fatal Error” (on capital punishment in India and the U. S.), The Indian Express, February 28, 2013, see

“’Romans, Countrymen, and Lovers’” Political Love and the Rule of Law in Julius Caesar,” in Shakespeare and the Law, ed. Cormack, Nussbaum, and Strier (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013), 256-281.

“Equality and Love at the End of The Marriage of Figaro” (expanded and revised version of #363), in On Emotions, ed. John Deigh (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013), 29-58.

“Responses to the Papers,” for special issue on my Creating Capabilities, International Journal of Social Economics 40, issue 7 (2013).

“Su Religioni E Fobie, Ma Non Solo,” a dialogue with Nicla Vassallo, in Materiali per una Storia della Cultura Giuridica vol. 43 (2013), 183-91.

“Was ist Gerechtigkeit?” in special issue on philosophy, Die Zeit, June 2013, pp. 5-6.

“Two-Year Law School: Don’t Rush the Paper Chase,” (with Charles Wolf), Bloomberg View, June 16, 2013.

“The Damage of Death: Incomplete Arguments and False Consolations,” in James S. Taylor, ed., The Metaphysics and Ethics of Death (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013), 25-43.

“’Si tu pouvais voir ce coeur’: la clémence de Mozart,”/”’Als je dit hart kon zien’: Mozarts clementie,” in La Clemenza di Tito, program book published by the Belgian National Opera La Monnaie/De Munt, 2013, 47-70. (My original English was entitled “’If You Could See This Heart’: Mozart’s Mercy.”)

“A Law Against Dignity,” The Indian Express Friday, December 27, 2013,

“Lockean Neutrality versus Religious Accommodation” (extract from The New Religious Intolerance), The Dartmouth Law Journal 11 (2013), 1-9.

“Aristotle on Human Nature and the Foundations of Ethics, With an Addendum,” an expanded version of #87, in The Bloomsbury Companion to Aristotle, ed. Claudia Baracchi (London and New York: Bloomsbury, 2014), 191-226.

“Law for Bad Behaviour,” The Indian Express, Saturday February 22, 2014, at

“Introduction: Capabilities, Challenges, and the Omnipresence of Political Liberalism,” in Comim and Nussbaum, Capabilities, Gender, Equality, 1-15.

“Development is More than Growth,” The Hindu Centre for Politics and Public Policy, May 8, 2014.

“Jewish Men, Jewish Lawyers: Roth’s ‘Eli, the Fanatic’ and the Question of Jewish Masculinity in American Law,” in Levmore and Nussbaum, eds., American Guy (above): 165-201.

“The Mensch” (a tribute to Michael Walzer), Dissent 60 (2013), p. 18.

“For an India of Equal Liberty: Time to Strike a Balance between Justice and Prosperity,” Open (special freedom issue), 25 August 2014, 8-12.

“The Smelly Body is Beautiful: Against Self-Disgust,” The New Republic, October 13, 2014, 10-11.

“Rape, Revenge, Love: The Don Giovanni Puzzle,” program of the Lyric Opera of Chicago for Don Giovanni, fall 2014, pp. 34-37.

“Political Equality,” in The Norton Introduction to Philosophy, ed. Gideon Rosen, et al. (New York: Norton, 2015), 1037-45.

“Reply to the Papers,” Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences (a symposium on my Political Emotions) 13 (2014), 659-70.

“Introduction”, in Pluralism and Democracy in India, ed. Wendy Doniger and Martha C. Nussbaum (New York: Oxford, 2015), 1-17. (With Wendy Doniger, but I wrote most of it.)

“Nehru, Religion, and the Humanities,” in Pluralism and Democracy in India, pp. 51-67.

“De Kloof Tussen Filosofie en Politiet Lijkt Groter dan Ooit,” (an interview in Dutch translation), in Vuile Handen, ed. Coen Brummer (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015), 107-115.

“Flawed Foundations: The Philosophical Critique of (a particular type of ) Economics,” in Law and Economics: Philosophical Issues and Fundamental Questions, ed. Aristides N. Hatzis and Nicholas Mercuro (Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2015), 16-31.

“Liebe kommt nicht von selbst,” (an interview with Nina Streeck), NZZ am Sontag, 21 December 2014, pp. 61 and 63.

“Philosophy and Economics in the Capabilities Approach: An Essential Dialogue,” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 16 (2015), 1-15.

“Transitional Anger,” Journal of the American Philosophical Association, inaugural issue 1 (2015), 41-56.

“Political Liberalism and Global Justice,” Journal of Global Ethics, 2015, pp. 1-12.

“Introduction,” in Rawls’s Political Liberalism, ed. Nussbaum and Brooks, pp. 1-56.

“All Our Love Stories,” Indian Express, July 2, 2015,



  1. Pierre Louis, Aristote: Marche des animaux, Mouvement des animaux, in Journal of Hellenic Studies, 1975.
  2. H.-J. Newiger, Untersuchungen zu Gorgias’ Shrift über das Nichtseiende, in Journal of Hellenic Studies, 1976.
  3. S. Clark, Aristotle’s Man, in The Philosophical Review, 1976.
  4. Hazel Barnes, The Meddling Gods, in Philosophy and Literature 1977-8 (review-article).
  5. Iris Murdoch, The Fire and the Sun: Why Plato Banished the Artists, in Philosophy and Literature 1978-9.
  6. Edwin Hartman, Substance, Body, and Soul: Aristotelian Investigations, in The Journal of Philosophy, June 1980. (Review-article)
  7. Rudolph Kassel, Der Text der aristotelischen Rhetorik and Aristotelis Ars Rhetorica, in Archiv für Geschichte des Philosophie 1981.
  8. Marilyn French, Beyond Power: of Women, Men, and Morals, in The Boston Globe, July 21, 1985.
  9. Michel Foucault, The Use of Pleasure, in The New York Times Book Review , November 10, 1985. Reply to letters December 15.
  10. Jane Roland Martin, Reclaiming a Conversation: The Ideal of the Educated Woman, in The New York Review of Books, January 30, 1986.
  11. Iris Murdoch, Acastos: Two Platonic Dialogues, in The Times Literary Supplement, August 15, 1986.
  12. Roger Scruton, Sexual Desire, in The New York Review of Books, December 18, 1986.
  13. Michael Stokes, Plato’s Socratic Conversations; Charles Griswold, Self-Knowledge in Plato’s Phaedrus; and Christopher Rowe, Plato: Phaedrus, in The Times Literary Supplement, June 1987.
  14. Allan Bloom, The Closing of the American Mind, in The New York Review of Books, November 5, 1987.
  15. Wayne Booth, The Company We Keep: An Ethics of Fiction, in Yale Journal of Law and Humanities l (1988). Review-article.
  16. Alasdair MacIntyre, Whose Justice? Which Rationality? in The New York Review of Books, December 7, 1989.
  17. Phillip Mitsis, Epicurus’ Ethical Theory, in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1991) 677-87.
  18. Anthony Price, Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle, in The Times Literary Supplement, February 1990.
  19. David Halperin, One Hundred Years of Homosexuality and Other Essays on Greek Love, and John J. Winkler, The Constraints of Desire: The Anthropology of Sex and Gender in Greece, in The Times Literary Supplement, June 1990.
  20. Charles Taylor, Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity, in The New Republic, April 1990.
  21. Judith Shklar, The Faces of Injustice, in The New Republic, November 1990.
  22. Gregory Vlastos, Socrates: Ironist and Philosopher, in The New Republic, September 15, 1991.
  23. Richard A. Posner, Sex and Reason, in The New Republic, April 1992.
  24. Andrea Dworkin, Mercy, in The Boston Review, April 1992. Replies to letters September 1992.
  25. Susan Moller Okin, Justice, Gender, and the Family, in The New York Review of Books, October 1992.
  26. “’Only Grey Matter’? Richard Posner’s Cost-Benefit Analysis of Sex,” in The University of Chicago Law Review 59 (1992) 1689-1734.
  27. William Bennett, The Book of Virtues, The New Republic, December 1993.
  28. Anne Hollander, Sex and Suits. The New Republic 1995.
  29. Louise Antony and Charlotte Witt, eds., A Mind of One’s Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, The New York Review of Books 41 (Oct. 20, 1994) 59-63. Reply to letters March 1995.
  30. Kenneth Dover, Marginal Comment: An Autobiography, Arion 4 (1997), 149-60.
  31. Richard Sorabji, Animal Minds, Human Morals, in The Philosophical Review 105 (1996), 403-


  1. Kristen Monroe, The Heart of Altruism and Tvetan Todorov, Facing the Extreme, The New Republic, October 28, 1996, 36-42.
  2. Bernard Williams, Making Sense of Humanity, Ethics 1997.
  3. Gregory Vlastos, Socratic Studies, The Journal of Philosophy 94 (1997), 27-45.
  4. Andrea Dworkin, Life and Death, The New Republic August 11 & 18, 1997, 36-42.
  5. William Miller, The Anatomy of Disgust, The New Republic November 17, 1997, 32-38.
  6. Peter Unger, Living High and Letting Die, The London Review of Books, September 4, 1997, 18-19, reply to letters October 30, 1997, p. 4.
  7. “Conversing With the Tradition: John Rawls and the History of Ethics,” a review essay on Reclaiming the History of Ethics: Essays for John Rawls, ed. A. Reath, B. Herman and C. Korsgaard, Ethics 109 (January 1999), 424-30.
  8. Alexander Nehamas, The Art of Living, in The New Republic, January 4/11, 1999, 32-37.
  9. Judith Butler, four books, in The New Republic, February 22, 1999, 37-45, replies to letters April 19, 1999, 43-5. German translation in Leviathan 27 (1999), 447-468. French translation in Raisons politiques 12 (2003): 123-47. Italian version in Il bello del relativismo, ed. Elisabetta Ambrosi (Venice: Reset, 2005), 139-55.
  10. Michael Warner, The Trouble With Normal, in The New Republic, Jan. 3, 2000, 31-36.
  11. Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels, and Daniel Wikler, From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice, in The New Republic, December 4, 2000, 38-48.
  12. “Disabled Lives: Who Cares?” A review of: Eva Feder Kittay, Love’s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality, and Dependency; Michael Bérubé, Life As We Know It: A Father, a Family, and an Exceptional Child; Joan Williams, Unbending Gender: Why Family and Work Conflict and What to Do About It, in The New York Review of Books 48, January 11, 2001, 34-37. In Italian as “La via delle persone disabili: chi se ne prende cura?”, Il Mulino 5 (2001), 793-807.
  13. Edward Said, Reflections on Exile, in New York Times Book Review, Sunday, February 18, 2001, p. 28.
  14. “Animal Rights: The Need for a Theoretical Basis” (review of Steven Wise, Rattling the Cage: Toward Legal Rights for Animals), Harvard Law Review 114 (2001), 1506-49.
  15. Peter Conradi, Iris Murdoch: A Life. The New Republic December 31, 2001 and January 7, 2002, 28-34.
  16. F. Robert Rodman, Winnicott: Life and Work. The New Republic October 27, 2003, 34-39.
  17. Mary Kinzie, Drift. Poetry 183 (January 2004), 235-8).
  18. Judith Brown, Nehru: A Political Life and Shashi Tharoor, Nehru. The New Republic February 14, 2005, 25-31.
  19. Bart Schultz, Henry Sidgwick: The Eye of the Universe, The Nation June 6, 2005, pp. 25-30.
  20. Vivian Gornick, The Solitude of Self: Thinking about Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The Nation, February 27, 2006, pp. 26-30.
  21. Kenji Yoshino, Covering: The Hidden Assault on Our Civil Rights. The New Republic, March 20/27, 2006: pp. 21-28.
  22. Harvey Mansfield, Manliness. The New Republic, June 26 2006, pp. 28-33.
  23. Harry Lewis, Excellence Without a Soul: How a Great University Forgot Education. Times Literary Supplement, July 15, 2006, pp. 4-5.
  24. Catharine A. MacKinnon, Are Women Human?. The Nation, July 31/August7, 2006, pp. 31-36.
  25. Philip Zimbardo, The Lucifer Effect: How Good People Turn Evil. Times Literary Supplement October 19, 2007, 3-5. Polish Translation in Dziennik 44 (2007) 10-11.
  26. T. N. Madan, Images of the World: Essays on Religion, Secularism, and Culture, Economic and Political Weekly (India), December 8-14, 2007, 32-34.
  27. A. D. Nuttall, Shakespeare the Thinker; Colin McGinn, Shakespeare’s Philosophy, Tzachi Zamir, Double Vision: Moral Philosophy and Shakespearean Drama, The New Republic May 7, 2008, 341.
  28. Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, Half the Sky: Turning Oppression Into Opportunity for Women, The New York Times, Tuesday, September 9, 2009, p. C5/
  29. Cristina Nehring, A Vindication of Love, The New Republic. September 23, 2009, 43-46.
  30. Nicola Lacey, Women, Crime, and Character: From Moll Flanders to Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Times Literary Supplement September 18, 2009, 3-4.
  31. Astra Taylor, The Examined Life (film), in “Examined Life (Inheriting Socrates),” The Point 2 (winter 2010), 115-17.
  32. Christine Stansell, The Feminist Promise: 1792 to the Present. In The Nation, October 25, 2010, 27-31.
  33. Joseph Lelyveld, Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India, The Nation October 31, 2011, 27-32.
  34. Katherine Boo, Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Slum, Siddhartha Deb, The Beautiful and the Damned: Life in the new India; Times Literary Supplement October 12, 2012, 3-5.
  35. Angus Deaton, The Great Escape: Health, Wealth, and the Origins of Inequality, in The New Republic, October 13, 2014, 42-47.
  36. Danielle Citron, Hate Crimes in Cyberspace, in The Nation, November 24, 2014, 28-33.
  37. “Moral (and Musical) Hazard,” a review of Bernard Williams On Opera and Essays and Reviews 1959-2002, The New Rambler Review,, March 4, 2015.
  38. “Untouchable,” a review of B. R. Ambedkar, Annihilation of Caste: The Annotated Critical Edition, ed. and annotated by S. Anand, The New Rambler Review, August 19, 2015.

LECTURE SERIES AND NAME LECTURES (only some name lectures included)

Eunice Belgum Memorial Lectures, St. Olaf College, 1983.

Matchette Lecture, January 1985, Trinity University, San Antonio.

Martin Classical Lectures, Oberlin College, 1986.

Luce Seminars, Yale University, 1988.

Plenary Address, American Academy of Religion, 1988.

Phi Beta Kappa Lecturer, 1988-89.

Read Tuckwell Lectures, Bristol University, England, 1989.

Gilbert Ryle Lectures, Trent University, Ontario, 1989.

William James Lecture, Harvard Divinity School, 1990.

Hanna Lectures, Hamline University, 1991.

Katherine Fraser Mackay Lecture, St. Lawrence University, 1991.

Alexander Rosenthal Lectures, Northwestern University Law School, 1991.

Donellan Lectures, Trinity College, Dublin, 1992.

Boutwood Lectures, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge University, 1992.

Dewey Lecture, Harvard Law School, 1991.

Dewey Lecture, University of Chicago Law School, 1992.

Stubbs Lecture, University of Toronto, 1992.

Else Lecture, University of Michigan, 1992.

Leff Fellow Lectures, Yale Law School, 1992.

Whitehall-Linn Lecture, Bryn Mawr College, 1992.

Gifford Lectures, University of Edinburgh, 1993.

Messenger Lectures, Cornell University, 1994.

McCorkle Lecture, University of Virginia Law School, 1994.

Sibley Lecture, University of Georgia Law School, 1995.

McCloy Lectures, Amherst College, 1995.

Hagerstrom Lectures, University of Uppsala, Sweden, 1995.

Dewey Lecture, University of Minnesota Law School, 1996.

Weidenfeld Lectures, Oxford University, 1996.

Amnesty Lecture, Oxford University, 1996.

Lindley Lecture, University of Kansas, spring 1997.

David Ross Boyd Lectures, University of Oklahoma, fall 1996.

Eddy Lecture, Colorado State University, 1997.

Seeley Lectures in Political Theory, Cambridge University, March 1998.

Thalheimer Lectures, Johns Hopkins University, 1998.

Philip Hallie Lecture, Wesleyan University, 1998.

Seymour Ricklin Lecture, Wayne State University, 1999.

First annual Esther Boserup Memorial Lecture, United Nations Development Programme, New Delhi, India, January 2000.

Castle Lectures, Yale University, February-March 2000.

Mitau Lecture, Macalester College, April 2000.

Shivdasani Memorial Lecture, University of Lucknow (India), January 2001.

Thomas F. Ryan Memorial Lecture, Georgetown University Law School, April 2001.

Remarque Lectures, New York University, March 2001.

Sterling McMurrin Distinguished Visiting Professorship, University of Utah, 2001.

Tanner Lectures, Australian National University, Canberra, November 2002.

Tanner Lectures, Clare Hall, Cambridge, March 2003.

Don Dunstan Human Rights Oration, Adelaide, Australia, 2005.

Westberg Lectures, University of Frankfurt, December 2013.

John Locke Lectures, Oxford University, 2014.

Einstein Lectures, Bern, December 2014.

PAPERS READ, other than versions of published papers (a small selection)

“Aristotle and Plato on the Political Role of Women,” Dartmouth College 1981.

“Nietzsche on Eternal Return and Value,” Yale University, 1982.

“Augustine on the Ascent and Descent of Love,” Institute for Classical Studies, London, 1981.

Comment on Montgomery Furth, Princeton Ancient Philosophy Conference, 1976.

Comments on R. K. Sprague, Greater Boston Ancient Philosophy Colloquium, 1981.

Comments on M. Rohr, New Jersey Philosophical Association, 1981.

Comments on M. Mitias, American Society for Aesthetics, 1981.

Comments on M. Rawlinson, APhilosA Eastern Division Meeting 1981.

Comments on T. Upton, APA Western Division 1983.

Comments on Deborah Modrak, BU Colloq for the Philos of Science, 1983.

“Truth in Literature: Plato and the Poets,” Conference on Truth in the Ancient World, Brown University, 1983.

Comments on H.-G. Gadamer, Boston University Philosophy of Education Colloquium.

Comments on Barbara Herrnstein Smith, International Association for Philosophy and Literature, May 1986.

Lectures on ancient Greek moral and political thought and contemporary political thought in China at Peking University, Shandong University, Zheziang University.

“The Constitution of a Minority: Social Convention and Rational Criticism,” Conference on Lesbian and Gay Studies, Yale University, October 1987.

“Bloom’s Philosophy,” Dartmouth College, conference on Bloom and the Curriculum, 1988, and at Brown University, conference on Bloom, 1988.

Respondent at the following sessions on The Fragility of Goodness: APA Pacific Division 1988; Society for Christian Ethics 1988; Soundings Symposium 1988; University of Edinburgh, June 1990; Williams College, December 1989.

Respondent at the following sessions on Love’s Knowledge: APA Eastern Division 1992; American Society for Aesthetics 1991.

Comment on David Halperin, conference on Plato and the Dialogue Form, VA State, 1988.

“Greek Tragedy and Luck,” The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1989.

“Rational Self-Examination and Universal Citizenship: Two Values in Education,” College Day Address, University of Maine at Farmington; also at Sesquicentennial Celebration, Boston University, and at NEH summer Institute, Clemson, 1989.

Paper for Panel on Wayne Booth, The Company We Keep, MLA Dec. 1989.

Keynote Address, Classical Association of Canada, May 1991.

Comment on Christopher Rowe, BU Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1991.

Comments, session on Philosophy and Women in Developing Countries, APA Eastern Division 1992.

“Women and Power in Western Political Thought,” Centennial of Women at Brown, October 1991.

Paper on Michael Slote, From Morality to Virtue, Society for Value Inquiry, APA Eastern Division 1992.

Comments on Georgia Warnke, UC Riverside Colloquium on abortion, 1993.

“Women in the Sixties,” Panel on The Legacy of the Sixties, American Political Science Association, fall 1993.

Plenary Address, Foundations of Political Thought Division, APSA 1993.

Comment on Walter Englert, “The Stoics on Suicide,” Boston Area Colloq for Ancient Philosophy, November 1993.

Plenary Address at conference on Liberal Education at Bard College, Nov. 1993

Paper for session, “Why Does Sexuality Matter to Philosophy?” APA Eastern Division, December 1993.

Paper for Society for Analytical Feminism session on A Mind of One’s Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, APA Eastern Division, December 1992.

“Love and Vision”: paper for conference in honor of Iris Murdoch, University of Chicago spring 1994.

Paper for conference in honor of Arthur Adkins, University of Chicago spring 1994.

Paper for 1994 Wittgenstein Conference, Kirchberg, Austria

Address to ACLS Conference for High School Teachers, summer 1994

Paper for 1994 Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind conference, University of Helsinki Finland.

Plenary address for East-West Philosophy Conference, Hawaii, January 1995

Plenary address for Triennial Classical Conference, held at Oxford University, July 1995

Paper for session on Nietzsche, Eastern Division APA, December 1994.

Paper for session on The Therapy of Desire, Pacific Division APA, March 1995.

Panel on the future of feminism, Pacific Division APA, March 1995.

“Women and Cultural Universals,” at conference on Chinese Women and Feminism, Beijing, June 1995.

“The Universality or Relativism of Women’s Rights,” Oxford Civil Liberties Union, May 1996

“Liberal Democracy and a Theory of the Good,” public symposium on political liberalism and diversity at the Cultural Center in Milan, sponsored by Feltrinelli (publishing house), May 1996

Response to session on my work, Illinois Philosophical Association, Nov. 1997.

Plenary speaker, Grinnell College Sesquicentennial, 1996.

Plenary speaker, American Association of Colleges and Universities, 1998.

Commentator, Tanner Lectures by Stuart Hampshire, Harvard University, 1996

Commentator and organizer, panel on “Is the Language of Rights Good for Women?” APA Eastern Division, December 1997.

Commentator, Tanner Lectures by Barbara Herman, Stanford University, April 1997

Speaker at conference on Gay Marriage, University of Chicago Law School, October 1999.

“Global Responsibility,” Plenary Address for Humanities Open House, University of Chicago, October 1999.

Keynote speaker, inaugural meeting, Center for the Study of Citizenship, Wayne State University, September 2003


American Philosophical Association, member since 1975; Eastern Division Program Committee 1981; Eastern Division Executive Committee, 1985-8; Committee on Lectures, Publications, and Research, 1985-8; Chair, Committee on International Cooperation, 1989-92, and ex officio Member of the National Board; Committee on Status and Future of the Profession, 1989-92; Committee on the Status of Women, Chair, 1994-97; Central Division Vice-President (1998-9), President (1999-2000), and Past President (2000-2001), and ex officio Member of National Board, 1998-2001; Chair, Nominating Committee, 2000-2001; Chair, Committee for Public Philosophy, 2004-7.

Human Development and Capability Association, Executive Committee 2004 –; President, 2006-8.

American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellow since 1988 (Philosophy Section); Membership Committee, Philosophy/Theology Section representative, 1991-3; Council(the governing body), elected Humanities representative, 1992-6; Midwest Council, 1997-2001.

American Philosophical Society, elected 1996.

American Council of Learned Societies, Board, 1993-1997.

American Philological Association, member since 1975.

American Society for Legal and Social Philosophy, President 1996-8.

American Society for Aesthetics

American Society for Value Inquiry, 1994 –; President 1995.

New York Ancient Philosophy Group, 1974 until its discontinuation in 1994.

Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy

North American Nietzsche Society

International Society for Research on the Emotions

Boston Area Colloquium for Ancient Philosophy: contributor, committee member, and respondent from its foundation in 1985 until 1995.

PEN: Selection Committee for Spielvogel-Diamondstein Prize, 1992; Executive Committee, 1994 —

Council for Philosophical Studies, 1987-1993

Member of Planning Committee for Symposia Hellenistica, 1985-95; co-organizer 1989 conference.

Member of Triennial Symposia Aristotelica in 1981, 1984, 1987, 1990; local organizing committee 1990.


Cambridge School of Weston, 1990 —

The Baldwin School, National Board of Advisors, 1999-2001

The Renaissance Society, Chicago, 1997 – 2011

Hillel, University of Chicago, 2002 – 2010

Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis, 2003 –

Indo-American Friendship Association, Indian Consulate, Chicago (Vice-President)


Associate Editor, Ethics, 2002–

Editorial Boards:

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 1985 —

American Journal of Philology, 1988-93

Philosophy and Literature, 1976–

Yale Journal of Law and Humanities, 1988 —

Soundings, 1990 —

New Literary History, 1990 —

Arion, 1988 —

Helios, 1991 —

The Boston Review, 1993-

Journal of the History of Philosophy, 1994-8.

Metaphilosophy, 1994 –

American Philosophical Quarterly, 1995 –8

Ethics, 1998–2002.

Journal of Ethics, 2000–

Arete (Peru), 2000–

Daedalus, 2001–

International Labour Review, 2000–

Isopoliteia: A Review for Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy (Athens), 2002—

Feminist Economics, 2003 –

Raison Publique, 2003 –

Member of Faculty Board, University of Chicago Press, 1995 -8.

Member of editorial committee for series of new translations of all the works of Seneca, University of Chicago Press. (The other editors are Elizabeth Asmis, Shadi Barstch, and David Wray.)

BBC TV Program for series “The Great Philosophers,” September 1987: “Aristotle”

PBS TV Program for Bill Moyers’ World of Ideas, Nov. 16, 1988

Public radio program on ethics with Fred Friendly, taped June 1988

Segment for German public TV program on Philosophy in America, Nov. 1993

Discovery Channel program on Plato’s Republic, fall 1995.

Program on Poetic Justice with Studs Terkel, 1996.

Film for Dutch TV, 1996.

Segment of documentary “Of Beauty and Consolation,” by Wim Kayzer, VPro TV, The Netherlands, filmed 1998, broadcast 2000.

Member of Research Project on Applied Humanities, The Hastings Center 1982-3; Member of Research Project on Civic Education, 1987-8

Manuscript referee for numerous publishers and journals, US and abroad

Assessor for NEH, National Humanities Center, The Bunting Institute, The Woodrow Wilson Foundation, Stanford Humanities Center, etc.

Committee for the Forkosch Prize for the best book in the history of ideas, Journal of the History of Ideas, 1988-91

Committee for the Spielvogel-Diamondstein Prize for the best collection of essays, PEN, 1992

Sponsor and co-organizer, Conference on Aristotle’s rhetoric and poetics, Helsinki University, summer 1991; conference on ancient and modern philosophical views of emotion, Helsinki University, 1994; on ancient skepticism in 1996; on erotic experience and sexual ethics in ancient Greece and Rome, Finnish Academy in Rome, 1997.

Philosophy Advisor and North American Advisor, Oxford Classical Dictionary, fourth edition

World Congress in Philosophy, Planning committee, 1988 -92.

Organizer, with T. Irwin and R. Meister, of memorial conference for Gregory Vlastos, May 1992

Steering Committee, Oxford Amnesty Lectures, 1991–

Steering Committee, International Conference on Chinese Women and Feminist Philosophy, Sino-British Summer School of Philosophy, 1995

Expert witness, trial of Amendment 2, Denver, Colorado, October/November 1993

Discovery channel program on Plato’s Republic, 1995.

Co-organizer, with David Estlund, of conference on Laws and Nature, Brown University, 1993; co-organizer, with Nancy Rosenblum and David Estlund, of conference on Equality and its Critics, Brown, 1995. Co-organizer, with Saul M. Olyan, of conference on Homosexuality in the Major Religious Traditions, Brown University, spring 1995. Co-organizer, with Jack Goldsmith, of conference on “1984: Orwell and Our Future,” University of Chicago Law School, fall 1999.

Consultant, United Nations Development Programme, New Delhi, India, 1999-2000.

Curriculum Committee, Asian University for Women, 2001 –

Advisory Board, Chicago Humanities Festival, 2003 –

Advisory Committee, Women’s Rights Division, Human Rights Watch, 2003 –


Courses taught include: Ideas of Man and the World in Western Thought; Practical Reasoning and the Good Life; Reason and the Human Good in Ancient Ethical Thought; Nature, Change, and the Soul in Ancient Philosophy; Greek Ethics; Plato; Aristotle; Nietzsche; Pre-Socratic Philosophy; Philosophy and the Novel; Feminist Philosophy; Law and Literature; Liberal Theories of Justice.

Graduate seminars on various topics in ancient Greek philosophy, ethics, political philosophy, philosophy and literature, aesthetics, the emotions, law and philosophy

At the University of Chicago, a typical teaching year includes (all on quarter system):

One graduate class in philosophy (also listed in law, often Classics); recent offerings include:

Compassion in the Western Philosophical Tradition

Anger and Hatred in the Western Philosophical Tradition

Aristotle and Kant on Virtue

Contemporary Virtue Ethics

Religion and the State

Neo-Aristotelian Political Theories

Literature and Ethics in Ancient Greece and Rome

One class in either Greek or Latin (Classics, cross-listed in Philosophy and Law); recent offerings include:

Cicero’s De Officiis

The Philosophical Epistle: Seneca and Cicero

Seneca: selections from prose and drama

The Fear of Death (Lucretius, Cicero, Seneca)

Aristophanes’ Lysistrata (other plays read in translation)

Sophocles’ Philoctetes (in Greek; in translation we do readings on tragic pity)

One philosophical class open to all law students (but cross-listed in philosophy and

elsewhere); recent offerings include:

Liberal Theories of Justice: Rawls and His Critics

Religion and the First Amendment

Rawls’s Political Liberalism

Feminist Philosophy

Decision-Making (readings from Aristotle, Kant, Mill, and modern authors)

The Law-Philosophy Seminar (run jointly with Cass Sunstein):

a seminar for faculty and students (mostly law students and philosophy graduate students), including outside speakers, and organizing readings and discussion around an issue common to the two fields, to see what illumination comes of studying the two sets of writings together. Recent themes include: equality; privacy; autonomy; sexuality and family; race; pluralism and toleration; the nature of practical reasoning.


University Committees

Harvard: Faculty Council, 1978-9; Ad Hoc Committee on Consumer Responsibility, 1978-9; Foreign Language Requirement Committee, 1979-81; Women’s Studies Committee, 1980-83; Standing Committee on Women, 1981-2, Chair 1982-3.

Brown: Educational Policy Committee, 1985-6; Ad Hoc Committee on Minority Perspectives in the Curriculum, Chair, 1985-6; Fact-finding Group on Curricular issues pertaining to Lesbian and Gay students, Chair, 1985; Mellon and Howard Fellows Selection Committee, 1985; Faculty Committee on Educational Legislation, 1987-90; Ad Hoc Committee on the Curricular Treatment of Homosexuality, Chair, 1986; Campus Advisory Committee to Search for the Next President, Chair, 1987-8; Mellon Fresh Combinations Committee, 1988-9; Committee on the Status of Women, 1990-91; Provost Search Committee, 1990; Dupee Chair Search Committee, 1991; Academic Directions Committee, 1991-93. Endowed Professorship selection committee, 1994 –; Standing Committee on Lesbian and Gay concerns, 1994-5.

University of Chicago: board of University Press, 1995 -8; Ryerson Lecture Committee, 2000, 2001; Honorary Degree Committee, 2003-5.

Service to Departments:


Department of Philosophy: graduate admissions committee.

Department of Classics: various examination committees and Ph.D. committees

Wellesley: seminar for faculty and upperclass students, talk for philosophy club, co-organizer and actress in Greek play


Department of Philosophy: special lecture series committee; committee for graduate admissions; search committee for ethics position, 1987-8; organizer and proposal writer, Mellon Fresh Combination lecture/seminar series in aesthetics, 1988-9, and in literature and ethics, 1990-91; search committee, junior position, 1988-9; search committee, history position, 1989-90; chair, search committee, history position, 1990-91; search committee, history position, 1991-2; colloquium committee, 1990-91; Estlund promotion committee, 1993; Caston review committee, 1993; Chair, search committee, continental philosophy position,1993-4; Justin Broackes and Victor Caston review committees, 1994.

Department of Classics: Scafuro review committee; Nugent review committee; talk to Classics Club; proseminar for faculty and graduate students; director and actress, Latin play, 1988; search committee for Mediaeval Latin position, 199l.

Dept. of Comparative Literature: various examination committees

History Department: examination committee on Plato special field

Dissertation Committee member in Philosophy, Classics, Comparative Literature, Religious Studies

Undergraduate Thesis supervision in Philosophy, Classics, Comparative Literature, English, Religious Studies

University: talk in Brown Humanities Institute, 1987; for Liberal Education forum, 1988; for Allan Bloom forum, 1988; for panel on Canons, 1988; for A Taste of Brown, 1988; for Orientation, 1989; commentator and moderator, forum on the history of sexuality, 1987; talk for parents’ weekend, 1990; for centennial of women at Brown, 1992; series of seminars for Brown Learning Community, 1991; humanities representative on Freshman orientation panel, 1994;

The University of California at Riverside (1993): thesis and paper-requirement supervision in

Philosophy, Comparative Literature, and English; talks for Philosophy, Economics, and Classics departments; organizer of colloquium on philosophy and law, Philosophy Department.

University of Chicago:

Law School: Appointments Committee, 1995-6, 1996-7, 2010-11; Coordinator of Law and Philosophy Workshop, 1994, 1995-; co-organizer, Work in Progress series, 1995-2000; speaker for first-year dinner, 1995; for Midway dinner, 2012; for graduation, 2013; Dean Search Committee,1998, 2009, 2015; chair, Tracey Meares tenure committee, 1999; member, Jill Hasday tenure committee, 2003; Dewey Lecture Committee, 1996—; La Croix tenure committee, chair;

Divinity School: search committee for appointment in early Christianity, 1998

Philosophy Department: graduate placement officer, 1998–2006; member, reappointment committee for Candace Vogler, 1997; Chair, search committee for appointment in ethics and human rights, 1999; Chair, tenure committee for Candace Vogler, 2000; Chair, reappointment committee for Rachel Barney, 2001; Chair, tenure committee for Rachel Barney, 2002; Chair, reappointment committee for Michael Green, 2002; Chair, search subcommittee in ancient philosophy, 2002-3; committee for appointment in Early Modern Philosophy, 2004-5; Michael Green tenure committee, 2005 (Chair?); Gabriel Lear tenure committee; Gabriel Lear promotion committee; Anton Ford renewal committee, Agnes Callard renewal committee, 2012; Marko Mallink tenure committee, promotion committee; Ben Laurence renewal

committee, 2015; Search committee in ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy, 2015, chair.

Gender Studies program: committee for half-line appointment, 2000-2001

Human Rights Program: committee for essay prize, 2003, 2004; committee for post-doc selection, 2005; keynote speaker at Midwest Human Rights Education conference, 2005

Graduate Supervision, recent (not updated)


Neil Coffee (violence, anger, and exchange in Vergil and its philosophical background), second reader, defended June 2002

Chris Star (self-address in Stoicism and Roman literature: Seneca, Lucan, Petronius), second reader, defended November 2003

Brendan Boyle (narrative, forgiveness, and equity in Greek law), first reader, in progress


Jad Lee (animal rights), defended winter 2003, first reader

Scott Anderson (coercion in political philosophy and law), defended fall 2002, second reader

Anne Eaton (moral judgments about art), defended fall 2003, second or third reader

Irene Liu (Epicureans and Stoics on becoming like a god), in progress, first reader

Joshua Preiss (group rights), in progress, first reader

Michael Stephens (the ethical value of work: Aristotle, Marx, and contemporary political thought), in progress, first reader

Lisa Hicks (Nietzsche on self-fulfillment), in progress, first reader

Sheara Graber (personality in Cicero and Kant), in progress, first reader

Gary Jaeger (friendship and practical reasoning: Aristotle and contemporary accounts), in progress, second reader

John Hannon (commentary on Aristotle’s De Juventute), in progress, first reader

Brian Johnson (Epictetus), in progress, second reader

Chad Flanders (reactive attitudes in philosophy and law), defended fall 2004, first reader

Jennifer Johnson (reciprocity and gift-exchange: Greek and modern views), supervised preliminary essay, completed, will be first reader on dissertation

Nathan Rothschild (Plato’s Symposium), supervising preliminary essay, completed, will be first reader on dissertation

Daniel Groll (aesthetics of music), supervised preliminary essay, completed January 2005

Katerina Hubner (Spinoza’s relation to ancient Stoicisim), supervised preliminary essay, completed January 2005

David Woessner (Aristotle’s argument about friendship and self-knowledge in Nic. Eth.), supervised preliminary essay, completed March 2005

The last three are currently planning dissertation topics with me, as are Ryan Long (akrasia) and Micah Lott (religion and the state)

Social Thought

Justin Tiwald (the virtues in Chinese and Greek ethical thought), first reader (jointly with Anthony Yu)

Political Science

Breena Holland (the capabilities approach and environmental ethics), in progress, second reader

Hee-Kyung Kim (women’s equality and Ronald Dworkin’s political philosophy), in progress, second reader

  1. A.: Nuna Monteiro, second reader

Preliminary essay, supervised Hee-Kyung Kim, spring 2002


Galit Sarfaty (the World Bank and the culture of human rights), prospectus defended June 2004, third reader

South Asian Languages and Literatures

Debali Mookerjea (representations of women’s equality in recent Indian literature), defended November 2003, second reader

Human Development

Mark James, supervising qualifying exam in philosophy


Aidan Johnson, supervising field exam in philosophy


Matthew Condon (autobiography in Augustine and Rousseau), second reader, 2003

Michael Kessler (law and religion), third reader, completed this fall

Other Institutions

Lori Watson (political liberalism and sex equality), UIC Philosophy

Maureen O’Connell, Boston College, religion, outside committee member

Visiting Scholars (young Ph.D.’s working with me)

Miira Tuominen, Finland, 2002-3: writing on Hellenistic philosophy of mind

Angela Kallhof, Münster, Germany, 2003-4: writing on public goods

  1. A. Papers (a representative sample)

Tala Manassah (Philosophy): Stoic cosmopolitanism and cosmopolitan education, supervisor, June 2003

Alix Rule (Law, Letters, and Society): international human rights norms and concepts of the family, 2004

Jennifer Stengel (Political Science), spring 2005: Aristotle’s account of anger and compassion as a basis for conflict-resolution

Liam Jackson (Classics): the role of the Chorus in Sophocles

  1. A. Program in the Humanities Theses:

Sarah Pike (Senecan Tragedy), 2003, supervisor

Matt Mongiello (animal rights), 2004, supervisor

The Chicago Network